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 [ˈbaɪ]


WordReference English-Czech Dictionary © 2019:

Hlavní překlady
AngličtinaČeština
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (author, creator) (autor)-
  od předl
 Hamlet is a play by Shakespeare.
 Hamlet je Shakespearova hra.
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. Četl jsi něco od Milana Kundery?
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. Vltava je nejslavnější symfonie Bedřicha Smetany.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (agent in passives)-
 The tree was cut down by his neighbour.
 Ten strom pokácel jeho soused.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (close: around)u, poblíž předl
 There's a drinking fountain by the tennis court.
 U tenisového kurtu je fontánka s pitnou vodou.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (close: past) (podél)kolem předl
 We always walk by the post office on the way to work.
 Na cestě do práce vždy chodíme kolem pošty.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (close: beside, near to)u, poblíž předl
 The keys are by the door over there.
 Klíče jsou támhle u dveří.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (close: distance measure) (vzdálenost)o předl
 The ball missed the window by a metre.
 Míč minul okno o metr.
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. Můj bratr je o půl hlavy vyšší než já.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (time: not later than) (ne později)do předl
  nejpozději v přísl + předl
 You must have the report done by Monday.
 Musíš ty zprávy mít hotové do pondělka.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (via: using the means of) (způsob)-
 Should we go by car or by taxi?
 Pojedeme autem nebo taxíkem?
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (via: using a route) (po cestě)přes předl
 I usually go by New York when I fly to Europe.
 Když létám do Evropy, obvykle cestuji přes New York.
 
Další překlady
AngličtinaČeština
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (during)během předl
  v průběhu předl + m
 The street is noisy by day but very quiet by night.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (according to)podle předl
 I know him by his first name.
 Znám ho jen podle křestního jména.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (with the authority of)překlad není dostupný
 By the authority vested in me, I proclaim you husband and wife.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (in conformity with)podle předl
  v souladu s fráze
 He does everything by the book.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (on the basis of)na základě předl + m
 They met by chance.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (after, serially) (časový interval)za předl
 Things got more tense minute by minute. They walked down the road two by two.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (multiplied by, times) (v matematice)krát přísl
 Two by four is eight.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (unit of measure) (jednotka)po předl
  (jednotka zúčtování)od předl
 She bought eggs by the dozen. We get paid by the hour.
 Kupovala vejce po tuctech.
 Jsme placeni od hodiny.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (horse: sired by)překlad není dostupný
 Screaming Thunder, by Screaming Eagle, won the Preakness.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (describing compass points)překlad není dostupný
 Head northeast by north.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (indicating means)díky předl
  kvůli předl
 By finishing her homework early, she was able to join her friends.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (accompanying conditions) (okolnosti: za úsvitu apod.)za předl
 We love to eat by candlelight.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (indicating dimensions) (rozměry)krát přísl
  (hovorový výraz: rozměry)na předl
 The board should measure 2 by 4 feet.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (margin) (rozdíl: o kolik větší apod.)o předl
 CO2 emissions have reduced by 5% over the past three years. Jeff is older than Carl by eight months.
  Chybí zde něco důležitého? Nahlaste chybu nebo navrhněte vylepšení.

WordReference English-Czech Dictionary © 2019:

Složené tvary
AngličtinaČeština
abide by [sth] vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S] (obey) (pravidla)dodržovat, ctít, uznávat ned
  (pravidly)řídit se ned
 Cathy decided to abide by the rules.
be accompanied by [sb/sth] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (go in company with)být doprovázen ned + příč ned
be accompanied by [sth] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (coexist with)překlad není dostupný
baffled by [sth] adj + prep (confused, mystified)zmatený, popletený příd
 The police detective was baffled by the strange circumstances of the murder.
be beset by [sth] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." figurative (assailed: by difficulties, doubts, etc.)sužovaný příd
  sužovat ned
 Joan was suddenly beset by doubts as to her brother's motives.
 Joan zničehonic začala být sužovaná pochybnostmi o motivech svého bratra.
besotted by [sb],
besotted with [sb]
adj + prep
(infatuated)blázen do m + předl
  zamilovaný do příd + předl
 Gary is besotted by Evie and would do anything for her.
 Gary je blázen do Evie a udělal by pro ní cokoli.
bit by bit advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." informal (gradually)kousek po kousku fráze
  postupně přísl
bothered by [sth] adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (concerned, troubled)znepokojený příd
  ustaraný příd
  sužovaný příd
 I am bothered by the way he treats my daughter.
by a hair advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by a very slight margin, only just)o chlup, o fous
  o vlásek
 The truck missed the cyclist by a hair.
by accident advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (mistakenly, not intentionally)náhodou, náhodně
 I spilt some coffee on the carpet by accident.
by all accounts advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (according to everyone)podle všeho předl + záj
  podle všech předl + záj
by all means advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (of course, certainly) (jistě)určitě, každopádně, rozhodně
 "Can I borrow your pen for a moment?" "By all means!"
by and by advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in a while)co nevidět fráze
  za chvíli předl + ž
by and by advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (eventually)nakonec přísl
 Be patient! I'll get around to it by and by.
by and large advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in general, on the whole)celkem, vcelku
  celkově vzato
 Not everything about my job is good, but by and large, I enjoy it.
by any chance advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (possibly)náhodou přísl
 Would you by any chance be able to lend me $10?
by any means advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in any way, via any method)jakkoli záj
  jakýmkoli způsobem záj + m
by birth advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (through one's family) (např. místo narození)původem m
 The U.S. Constitution requires the president to be American by birth, not a naturalized citizen.
by birth advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (through natural talent) (talent)přirozeně přísl
  (talent)od narození předl + s
 He was an artist by birth.
by bus advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (travel or transport: on a bus)autobusem
 Amy usually travels to work by bus.
by car advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (via motor vehicle)autem s
 By car, you could get from Lansing to Detroit in about two hours.
by chance advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (coincidentally)náhodou
  shodou okolností
 I met my French teacher by chance in the supermarket.
by contrast advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (on the other hand)naopak přísl
  naproti tomu přísl + záj
 I'm always late but you, by contrast, are always on time.
by default advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in the absence of alternatives)kontumačně přísl
  (bez dalších alternativ)automaticky přísl
 When his opponent pulled out of the match, he won by default.
by default advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (not actively or purposefully)ve výchozím stavu fráze
  standardně, normálně přísl
by dint of [sth] preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." dated (by means of: work, effort)díky, pomocí předl
 By dint of brilliant organization, we were able to depart on time.
by doing advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." informal (by practising, on the job)za pochodu předl + m
  v praxi předl + ž
 I've never been great at tests and exams: learn best by doing.
by extension advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in a more general sense)v širším slova smyslu fráze
 Calling me a dumb blonde insults me and, by extension, insults all women with blonde hair.
by far advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by a large margin)s velkým odstupem, s velkým rozdílem fráze
 The U.S. is, by far, the largest producer of corn in the world.
by foot,
on foot
advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
(on foot, walking)pěšky přísl
 Most people drove but a few arrived by foot.
by hand advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (manually, not by machine)ručně přísl
  manuálně přísl
 You can see that these tools were made by hand.
by heart advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (from memory)nazpaměť přísl
 I learnt the sonnet by heart.
by itself advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (without help)samo záj
  sám o sobě fráze
 The bruise will go away by itself.
by itself advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (without adornment) (bez ozdob)sám o sobě fráze
 Does the dress look good by itself, or should I put on gold beads?
by law advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (legally)podle zákona
 By law, in England, the minimum age for buying alcoholic beverages is eighteen.
by means of [sth] preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (via)pomocí předl
  prostřednictvím předl
by mistake advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (accidentally, not on purpose)omylem přísl
 By mistake, I gave him your phone number instead of mine!
by no means advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (not at all, not in any way)v žádném případě
 This handbag costs £300, but it's by no means the most expensive one in the shop.
by now advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (before this moment)přísl
  touhle dobou záj + ž
  doposud přísl
 My guests should have arrived by now – dinner's getting cold.
 Hosté už tu měli být – vystydne jim večeře.
by post advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (through the mail)poštou ž
 Can you either fax it to me or send it by post?
by reason of exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own." (because of)z důvodu předl + m
  kvůli předl
 Sarah was found innocent by reason of insanity.
by that time advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (before or at a given period in the past) (v minulosti)do té doby fráze
by that time advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (before or at a given period in the future) (v budoucnosti)do té doby fráze
  v té době fráze
 Where will you be in 50 years? By that time, I will be an old man!
by the book advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." figurative (according to rules)podle pravidel předl + s mn
  podle předpisů předl + m mn
 My boss likes to do things by the book.
by the by,
by the bye
advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
(by the way)mimochodem část
 What result, by the by, did you get in the exam?
by the by,
by the bye
adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house."
informal (incidental)vedlejší příd
  podružný příd
 The choir's robes are by the by; it's their singing that we have come for.
by the end advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (before the final moment)před koncem předl + m
  ke konci předl + m
 By the end of the first chapter, I could guess the solution to the mystery. I'm usually exhausted by the end of the day.
 Záhadu jsem dokázal rozluštit ještě před koncem první kapitoly.
by the same token exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own." (similarly)ze stejného důvodu fráze
  podobně přísl
by the time advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (at some point before)než sp
  dřív než přísl + sp
 You better have your chores done by the time I get home or you're in big trouble. The traffic was so bad that by the time I got to the office I was 20 minutes late.
 Koukej mít udělané úkoly, než přijdu domů, jinak máš průšvih.
by the way exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own." (incidentally)mimochodem část
 By the way, have you seen this before?
by then advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (sometime before a future point) (odkazující na bod v čase)to záj
 By then it will be too late. The party starts at 7:00? That's okay – I should be ready by then.
 To už bude pozdě. Večírek začíná v 7:00? V pohodě – to už bych měla být hotová.
by this time advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (at some point before this moment)do této doby fráze
  v tuto dobu fráze
 I would normally be in bed by this time. By this time, you should have finished studying for the exam.
by train advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (travel or transport: on a train)vlakem
 The easiest way to get there is by train.
by virtue of exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own." formal (because of)z důvodu předl + m
  na základě předl + m
 By virtue of your mere presence, the theater's attendance doubled.
by way of [sth] preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (going through)přes předl
 She flew from Khartoum to Kathmandu by way of Dubai.
 Letěla z Chartúmu do Káthmándú přes Dubaj.
by way of [sth] preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (by means of)prostřednictvím předl
  způsobem m
by yourself,
all by yourself
advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
(without company) (bez přítomnosti další osoby)sám záj
by yourself,
all by yourself
advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
(without help) (bez pomoci)sám záj
byproduct,
by-product
nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
([sth] produced while making [sth] else) (ve výrobě)vedlejší produkt příd + m
byproduct,
by-product
nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
(additional outcome or result)vedlejší důsledek příd + m
be characterized by [sth],
also UK: be characterised by [sth]
v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
(have as an identifying trait) (něčím)vyznačovat se ned
  (čím)být charakterizovaný ned + příd
 Summers here are characterized by hot days and cool nights.
 Léta se zde vyznačují horkými dny a chladnými nocemi.
close by advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (near, in close proximity)poblíž, blízko
 Gerald's sister lives close by so it's easy for him to visit her.
close by,
close-by
adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house."
(near)nedaleký příd
  blízký příd
 Is there a close-by store where we could buy eggs?
come by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." informal (pay a visit)navštívit dok
  (na návštěvu)stavit se dok
 He doesn't come by often.
come by [sth] vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S] informal (find, obtain by chance) (cestou okolo)narazit na dok + předl
 We came by these old coins in our garden when we were digging over the vegetable plot.
comply by [sth] vi + prep (act accordingly before: a given date) (určeného data)učinit tak do dok, fráze
constrained by [sth] adj + prep (limited: by laws, means) (zákonem, nařízením apod.)omezený příd
 The power of the police is constrained by the law.
consumed with [sth],
consumed by [sth]
adj + prep
figurative (overwhelmed by emotion) (hněvem apod.)uchvácený, schvácený příd
  (hněvem apod.)sžíraný příd
 Paul was consumed with jealousy when he saw Sarah with another man.
be controlled by [sb] adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (person: be manipulated by [sb])řízený, ovládaný příč ned
 Stacy is controlled by her husband; she will do anything he wants her to do.
counterweight [sth] by doing [sth] vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." figurative (provide a balance with) (nějakou činností)vykompenzovat dok
  (nějakou činností)kompenzovat ned
 We counterweighted the negative aspects of the deal by offering plenty of freebies.
covered by [sth] adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (with [sth] overlaid) (něčím)zakrytý, přikrytý příd
day by day advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (gradually)den za dnem fráze
  postupně přísl
 His pain decreased day by day as his injuries gradually healed.
be directed by [sb] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (movie: have as director) (film)režírovaný příd
 '2001, A Space Odyssey' was directed by Stanley Kubrick.
be directed by [sb] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (project: be coordinated by) (někým)řízený příd
  (někým)organizovaný příd
 This book series was directed by the chair of the department.
be directed by [sb] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (be controlled, ordered by)ovládaný příd
  (někým)řízený příd
 The bombing was directed by the top general in charge.
divide [sth] by [sth] vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." often passive (number: find quotient) (v matematice)děleno příč ned
 Twelve divided by six is two.
 Dvanáct děleno šesti je dvě.
divide by [sth] vi + prep (number: be divisible) (nějakým číslem)dělit ned
  (nějakým číslem)vydělit dok
 30 does not divide by 8.
divided by [sth] adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (arithmetic: by a number)děleno příč ned
 Twenty-seven divided by nine is three.
 Dvacet sedm děleno devíti rovná se tři.
divided by [sth] adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." figurative (opinion: by a subject) (názor na něco)rozdílný příd
  (názor na něco)různící se, rozcházející se příd
 The generations are divided by their taste in music, clothing, communication style, and almost everything else.
Don't judge a book by the cover!,
don't judge a book by its cover
interjinterjection: Exclamation--for example, "Oh no!" "Wow!"
proverb (appearances can be deceptive)Nesuď knihu podle obalu. fráze
 She definitely looks trustworthy, but don't judge a book by its cover.
drive by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." (go past in a vehicle)projet kolem dok + přísl
 Ray drove by in his truck.
drive-by nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (shooting from a passing car)střelba z projíždějícího auta fráze
 Osman admitted that he was the gunman in a drive-by.
drive-by adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (shooting: from passing car)střelba z projíždějícího auta fráze
 A man has life-threatening injuries after a drive-by incident in Tucson.
drop by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." informal (pay a casual visit) (návštěva)zastavit se, stavit se dok
 Peter dropped by earlier this afternoon.
drop by [sth] vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S] informal (pay a casual visit to)zastavit se v, stavit se v dok + předl
 Could you please drop by the pharmacy and pick up my medication?
drop by drop advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (one droplet at a time)po kapkách předl + ž mn
 Squeeze the rubber bulb of the dropper to release the liquid drop by drop.
float [sth] to [sb],
float [sth] by [sb]
vtr + prep
(idea: suggest to [sb](myšlenku)nadhodit dok
 Ron went to his boss to float an idea by him, but he didn't get a meeting.
fly by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." figurative (time: pass quickly) (přen.: o čase)letět ned
  (přen.: o čase)ubíhat ned
 The hours fly by when I'm with you.
 Čas letí hrozně rychle, když jsem s tebou.
follow [sth] up by doing [sth],
follow up [sth] by doing [sth]
v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
(make further communication) (v komunikaci s novými informacemi)pokračovat ned
 John followed up his interview by sending a thank-you note.
frightened by [sth] adj + prep (scared by) (čím)vyděšený, polekaný příd
 The sheep were frightened by the storm.
 Ovce byly vyděšené (or: polekané) bouřkou.
fringed by [sth] adj + prep (bordered, surrounded) (něčím)obklopený příd
 The cabin was fringed by thick forest on all sides.
gain by [sth],
gain by doing [sth]
vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S]
(take advantage or profit by)profitovat z ned + předl
  mít prospěch z ned, fráze
 What have you got to gain by lying about it?
get bogged down in/by [sth] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." figurative, informal (stuck: in activity, etc.)uvíznout, zaseknout se dok
 I thought I would be able to leave early, but I got bogged down by paperwork.
get by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." (cope, manage) (s malým příjmem apod.)vyjít dok
  (s malým příjmem apod.)přežít dok
 Between taxes and the high cost of living I make barely enough to get by.
get by on vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S] (survive on)vystačit si s dok + předl
  vyjít s dok + předl
 The older couple had learned to get by on their small retirement income.
get by in [sth] vi phrasal + prep informal (language: speak at a basic level) (umět základy jazyka)domluvit se dok
 My French is really hopeless so I was glad to discover that I could get by in simple English in Paris. I speak English and Spanish, and can get by in Italian as well.
 Mluvím anglicky a španělsky a také se domluvím italsky.
get carried away with [sth],
get carried away by [sth]
v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
figurative (be overcome with excitement)přestat se ovládat dok, fráze
  nechat se unést dok, fráze
 Mark got carried away with all the excitement and nearly fainted. Sophia got carried away by the emotion of the occasion and burst into tears.
go by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." figurative (time: pass) (čas)ubíhat, běžet ned
 I can't believe the holiday is already over. Time went by too quickly!
go by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." (move past)procházet ned
  jít kolem ned + přísl
 The crowd watched as the parade went by.
go by [sth] vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S] informal (use as guide) (průvodce, mapy apod.)jít podle ned + předl
 Going by the map, the hotel should be on the corner of the next street on the right.
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