rough

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 [ˈrʌf]


In this page: rough; rough up

WordReference English-German Dictionary © 2019:

Wichtigste Übersetzungen
EnglischDeutsch
rough adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (abrasive)rau Adj
  angeriffelt Adj
 This sandpaper is extra rough, so you can work faster.
 Das Schmirgelpapier ist sehr rau, damit kannst du schneller arbeiten.
rough adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (uneven)rau Adj
  uneben Adj
 The surface of this concrete is rough.
 Die Oberfläche dieses Betons ist rau.
 
Zusätzliche Übersetzungen
EnglischDeutsch
rough adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (animal coat: shaggy) (Tierfell)rau Adj
 Border Terriers have quite rough coats.
rough adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (violent)grob Adj
  (übertragen)hart Adj
 He is extremely rough with his kids.
rough adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (turbulent)schwierig Adj
  (übertragen)hart Adj
 They have had a rough marriage with the death of two sons.
rough adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (weather: stormy) (Wetter)rau Adj
  stürmisch Adj
 The rough weather makes life difficult in Antarctica.
rough adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (rude)grob Adj
  unhöflich Adj
 His rough manners were frowned upon when he started mixing with the upper classes.
rough adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (disorderly) (umgangssprachlich)frech Adj
  undiszipliniert Adj
 I have had enough of your rough behaviour.
rough adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (food: coarse)grob Adj
 The rough fibres in celery help clean your intestines.
rough adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (lacking luxuries)rau Adj
 Many people like the rough experience that they get camping.
rough adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (unpolished)grob Adj
  unfertig Adj
 There is just a rough draft. I should have a final version ready tomorrow.
rough adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (tentative)grob Adj
  provisorisch Adj
 Let me take a rough guess at the cost.
rough adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (bristly)stoppelig Adj
 He hadn't shaved for a week and his face was rough when she kissed him.
rough adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (sea: with big waves)stürmisch Adj
  rau Adj
 Many passengers were sick during the crossing due to the rough seas.
rough advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." US, informal (roughly) (informell)ruppig Adj
  schroff Adj
  unhöflich Adj
 The sergeant treated us real rough.
rough nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. informal (thug)Schlägertyp Nm
  (altmodisch)Rüpel Nm
 The woman crossed the street to avoid the young roughs on the other side.
rough nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. informal (sketch)Skizze Nf
 They looked over the roughs together and selected two styles.
the rough nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (golf: longer grass) (Golf)höheres Gras Adj + Nn
 In the summer, we irrigate the fairway, but not the rough.
rough vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (sketch an outline)skizzieren Vt
  aufzeichen Vt, sepa
 Let me see if I can rough something together for you.
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WordReference English-German Dictionary © 2019:

Zusammengesetzte Wörter:
rough | rough up
EnglischDeutsch
knock the rough edges off [sth/sb] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." informal, figurative (refine)verfeinern Vt
  etwas einen Feinschliff verpassen Rdw
 The band have knocked the rough edges off their playing and now sound more professional.
rough approximation nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. ([sth] close but not exact)grobe Abschätzung Adj + Nf
  (umgangssprachlich)grob sagen Adv + Vt
  grob abschätzen Adv + Vt, sepa
 I think it will cost about £1,000, but that's only a rough approximation.
rough approximation of [sth] nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. ([sth] close but not identical)fast identisch Adv + Adj
  (informell)nah dran Präp + Adv
 I can only give you a rough approximation of the damage at this point.
rough draft nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (writing: unfinished version)erster Entwurf Adj + Nm
  Rohentwurf Nm
 The writers are still working on a rough draft right now.
rough edges nplplural noun: Noun always used in plural form--for example, "jeans," "scissors." figurative (lack of refinement)grobe Seite Adj + Nf
  Ecken und Kanten Rdw
 She wanted to smooth off his rough edges and teach him some manners.
rough edges nplplural noun: Noun always used in plural form--for example, "jeans," "scissors." (ragged outline)Ecken und Kanten vermeiden Rdw
 She ripped the paper instead of using scissors because she wanted rough edges.
rough guess nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (uneducated estimate)grobe Schätzung Adj + Nf
  (informell)Pi mal Daumen Schätzung Rdw
 I'd say the town's population is 75,000 - but that's just a rough guess.
rough layout nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (general description of arrangement)grober Entwurf Adj + Nm
  erster Entwurf Adj + Nm
 This is just a rough layout; I'll bring the finalized plans to our next meeting.
rough measure nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (approximate gauge)grobes Bild Adj + Nn
  grobe Idee Adj + Nf
  ungefähres Maß Adj + Nn
 By studying people's actions you'll have the rough measure of their characters.
rough outline nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (sketchy drawing or diagram)grobe Skizze Adj + Nf
  erste Skizze Adj + Nf
 I quickly drew a rough outline of an eye.
rough outline nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (general idea or description)ungefähre Beschreibung Adj + Nf
  grob umrissen Adj + V Part Perf
 Here's a rough outline of the proposed web site, but it still needs refining.
rough sketch nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (rapid or loose drawing)grobe Skizze Adj + Nf
  grober Entwurf Adj + Nm
 Michelangelo always made a rough sketch before starting a sculpture.
rough spot nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. informal (difficult period)schwierige Zeit Adj + Nf
  schwere Zeit Adj + Nf
 She's going through a pretty rough spot just at the moment.
rough stuff nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. informal (physical violence)Gewalt Nf
  körperliche Gewalt Adj + Nf
 We won't tolerate any more rough stuff from you bullies.
rough [sb] up,
rough up [sb]
vtr phrasal sepphrasal verb, transitive, separable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, divisible--for example, "call off" [=cancel], "call the game off," "call off the game."
informal (beat up) (ugs, Euphemismus)aufmischen Vt, sepa
  verprügeln Vt
 A gang of youths roughed him up.
rough up [sb],
rough [sb] up,
UK: rough [sb]
vtr phrasal sepphrasal verb, transitive, separable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, divisible--for example, "call off" [=cancel], "call the game off," "call off the game."
US, informal (sports: abuse a player) (umgangssprachlich)aufmischen Vt, sepa
 US: Go in there and rough up their best player, but don't get any fouls called on you. UK: Go in there and rough their best player - we have to win!
rough up [sth],
rough [sth] up
vtr phrasal sepphrasal verb, transitive, separable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, divisible--for example, "call off" [=cancel], "call the game off," "call off the game."
(make rough) (Material)aufrauen Vt, sepa
rough-and-tumble nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (violent, disorderly struggle)Handgemenge Nn
  Rauferei Nf
  (allg)Streit Nm
rough-and-tumble adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (rough, disorderly)rau Adj
  grob Adj
  ungehobelt Adj
rough-hewn adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (crudely shaped)grob Adj
  klotzig Adj
  unförmig Adj
rough-hewn adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." figurative (lacking refinement)ungenau Adj
  vage Adj
  grob Adj
smooth the rough edges off [sth] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (file down)die rauen Kanten abschleifen Rdw
  die rauen Kanten glätten Rdw
 You can smooth the rough edge off the metal with a file or with sand paper.
smooth the rough edges off [sb/sth] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." figurative (refine)die Ecken und Kanten los werden Rdw
  verbessern Vt
  verfeinern Vt
 As soon as they were married she started trying to smooth the rough edges off him.
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Wörterbuch Englisch-Deutsch © WordReference.com 2012:
rough [rʌf]
  • I adj (adv regelm) → roughly
    • 1. rau (Oberfläche, auch Haut, Tuch etc; auch Stimme)
    • 2. rau, struppig (Fell, Haar)
    • 3. holp(e)rig, uneben (Gelände, Weg)
    • 4. rau, unwirtlich, zerklüftet (Landschaft)
    • 5. rau (Wind etc); stürmisch (See, Überfahrt, Wetter):
      rough sea SCHIFF grobe See

    • 6. grob, roh (Mensch, Manieren etc); raubeinig, ungehobelt (Person); heftig (Temperament etc):
      rough play rohes oder hartes Spiel;
      rough stuff umg Gewalttätigkeit(en pl) f

    • 7. rau, barsch, schroff (Person oder Redeweise): rough words;
      have a rough tongue eine raue Sprache sprechen

    • 8. umg rau (Behandlung, Empfang etc), hart (Leben, Tag etc), garstig, böse:
      it was rough es war eine böse Sache:
      I had a rough time es ist mir ziemlich mies ergangen;
      that’s rough luck for him da hat er aber Pech (gehabt)

    • 9. roh, grob:
      a) ohne Feinheit
      b) unbearbeitet, im Rohzustand:
      rough cloth ungewalktes Tuch;
      rough food grobe Kost;
      rough rice unpolierter Reis;
      rough style grober oder ungeschliffener Stil;
      rough stone

      c) unbehauener Stein
      d) ungeschliffener (Edel)Stein; diamond I 1, rough-and-ready
    • 10. TECH Grob…:
      rough carpenter Grobtischler m;
      rough file Schruppfeile f

    • 11. unfertig, Roh…:
      rough copy Konzept n;
      rough draft (oder sketch) Faustskizze f, Rohentwurf m;
      in a rough state im Rohzustand

    • 12. fig grob:
      a) annähernd (richtig), ungefähr
      b) flüchtig, im Überschlag:
      rough analysis Rohanalyse f;
      rough calculation Überschlag m;
      rough size TECH Rohmaß n

    • 13. TYPO noch nicht beschnitten (Buchrand)
    • 14. herb, sauer (besonders Wein)
    • 15. stark (wirkend) (Arznei)
    • 16. Br sl schlecht, ungenießbar (Fisch)
  • II adv
    • 1. rau, hart, roh: play rough;
      cut up rough umg massiv werden

    • 2. grob, flüchtig
  • III s
    • 1. Rauheit f, das Raue:
      over rough and smooth über Stock und Stein;
      take the rough with the smooth fig das Leben nehmen, wie es ist;
      rough-and-tumble II
    • 2. besonders Br umg Schläger m, Rowdy m, Rohling m
    • 3. Rohzustand m:
      from the rough aus dem Rohen arbeiten;
      in the rough im Groben, im Rohzustand;
      take sb in the rough jemanden nehmen, wie er ist

    • 4.
      a) holperiger Boden
      b) Golf: Rough n
    • 5. Stollen m (am Pferdehufeisen)
  • IV v/t
    • 1. an-, aufrauen
    • 2. jemanden misshandeln, übel zurichten
    • 3. meist
      rough out Material roh oder grob bearbeiten, vorbearbeiten; METALL vorwalzen; Linse, Edelstein grob schleifen

    • 4. Pferd zureiten
    • 5. Pferd(ehuf) mit Stollen versehen
    • 6.
      rough in, rough out entwerfen, flüchtig skizzieren

    • 7.
      rough up Haare etc gegen den Strich streichen:
      rough the wrong way fig jemanden reizen oder verstimmen

    • 8. SPORT Gegner hart nehmen
  • V v/i
    • 1. rau werden
    • 2. SPORT (übertrieben) hart spielen
    • 3.
      rough it umg primitiv oder anspruchslos leben, ein spartanisches Leben führen
'rough' auch in diesen Einträgen gefunden:
German:

Collocations: roughed out a [plan, design, shape], the [ball, golf ball, shot] landed in the rough, rough [skin, stubble, scales, patches], more...

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