WordReference English-Italiano Dictionary © 2014:

Principal Translations/Traduzioni principali
down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (from higher to lower)giù avv
 He climbed down from the tree.
 È sceso giù dall'albero.
down adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (lower)basso agg
 The price of oil is down this week.
 Il prezzo del carburante è basso questa settimana.
down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (on the bottom)in fondo avv
 There's a house down there in the valley.
 C'è una casa in fondo alla valle.
down nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (plumage)piuma nf
 These pillows are filled with goose down.
 Questi cuscini sono imbottiti con piume d'oca.
down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (away from here)venire vi
  andare vi
Nota: "Down" spesso non è tradotto in italiano.
 Are you coming down to the pub with us?
 Vieni al pub con noi?
down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (southward)a sud avv
 We're going down to Italy for our holidays this year.
 Quest'anno andremo a sud verso l'Italia per le vacanze.
down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (to lower value)scendere vi
 Prices have come down in recent weeks.
 I prezzi stanno scendendo nelle ultime settimane.
down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (along)lungo, per prep
 She walked down the road.
 Camminava lungo la strada.
 
Additional Translations
down adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (sick)malato agg
 She's down with the flu at the moment.
 È malato d'influenza in questo momento.
down adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (reduced level)basso agg
 The water level is down. We should add some more.
 Il livello dell'acqua è basso. Dovremmo aggiungerne.
down adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (depressed)giù agg
  depresso, avvilito agg
 I've been feeling down all week.
 Mi sono sentito giù per tutta la settimana
down adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (to the south)giù avv
 They're down on the south coast all week.
 Sono giù sulla costa per tutta la settimana.
down adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (American football: stopped)traduzione non disponibile
 The referee declared the ball down.
down adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (sports: behind in score)sotto avv
 The Danish team is down ten points.
 La squadra danese è sotto di dieci punti.
down adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." UK (trains: away from capital)verso sud loc avv
 The down train leaves from this platform.
 Il treno verso sud parte da questo binario.
down adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (not working,, out of order)fuori uso loc agg
  in panne loc agg
 The server's down. You'll have to try again later.
 Il server è fuori uso. Devi riprovare più tardi.
down adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (learned)imparare vtr
 Have you got your lines down for the school play yet?.
 Hai già imparato le battute per la recita della scuola?
down adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (gambling: with losses)sotto avv
 I'm down three hundred dollars.
 Sono sotto di trecento dollari.
down adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (finished)finire, fare, completare vtr
  finito, fatto
 We've got three reports down, one to go!
 Abbiamo finito tre relazioni, ne manca una!
 Tre relazioni sono fatte, ne manca una!
down adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (crossword puzzles: vertical)  (cruciverba)verticali nfpl
down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (written)giù avv
 Have you got that down yet?
 L'hai già buttato giù?
down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (sitting or lying)giù avv
 I put her down for her nap.
 L'ho messa giù per il suo sonnellino.
down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (reduced volume)ridurre vtr
 We've got our luggage down to one suitcase each.
 Abbiamo ridotto il bagaglio ad una valigia ciascuno.
down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (time: earlier to later)nel corso di prep
  in, durante prep
 Language changes down through the ages.
 Il linguaggio si evolve nel corso dei secoli.
down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (to lesser strength)annacquato agg
 The beer tastes watered down.
 La birra ha un sapore annacquato.
down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (cash payment)anticipare vtr
 How much money can you put down?
 Quanti soldi puoi anticipare?
down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (into submission)mettere a tacere vtr
 He shouted down his opponent.
 Ha messo a tacere il suo avversario.
down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (fixed state)fissare vtr
 The antenna was tied down with ropes.
 L'antenna è stata fissata con le corde.
down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (to the source)trovare, individuare vtr
 He tracked down his natural father.
 Ha trovato il suo padre naturale.
down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (ill)prendere vtr
 She's come down with the flu.
 Ha preso l'influenza.
down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (suppressed)mandare giù vtr
 He choked down his emotions.
 Mandava giù le sue emozioni.
down interjinterjection: Exclamation--for example, "Oh no!" "Wow!" (to animal: stop!)giù avv
 Down, boy! Get back to your kennel.
 Giù! Tornatene al tuo canile.
down nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (soft hair)peluria nf
 He was sixteen and had down on his chin.
 Aveva sedici anni e aveva la peluria sul mento.
down nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (botany)lanugine nf
 Peaches have a layer of down on their skin.
 Le pesche hanno uno strato di lanugine sulla buccia.
down
downs
nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
UK (rolling country)collina nf
 Sheep were grazing on the downs.
 Le pecore pascolavano sulle colline.
down preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (away)scendere vi
  giù, verso il basso avv
 They walked down the mountain.
 Sono scesi dalla montagna.
down preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (nearer the sea)verso prep
  a valle avv
 They live about 20 miles down river.
down preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (further along)in fondo a prep
 The restaurant is just down the street.
down preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." UK informal (at; to)a, in prep
 Were you down the pub last night?
 Faccio un salto al bar.
down preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (throughout a period)nel corso di prep
 Philosophers have sought answers down the ages.
down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (fall)scendere vi
 The road ups and downs all the way to the sea.
 La strada sale e scende fino al mare.
down vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (drink)  (colloquiale)tracannare, buttare giù vtr
 He downed his beer and left.
 Ha tracannato la sua birra e se n'è andato
down vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (shoot from the sky)abbattere vtr
 They downed a helicopter with just a rifle.
 Hanno abbattuto un elicottero con un solo colpo.
down vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (subdue)mettere a terra vtr
 That wrestler could down anyone in thirty seconds.
 Quel lottatore di wrestling riusciva a mettere a terra chiunque in trenta secondi.
down vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (eat)  (colloquiale)buttare giù, ingurgitare vtr
 He downed three hamburgers in just two minutes.
 Ha buttato giù tre hamburger in appena due minuti.
  Segnala un errore

WordReference English-Italiano Dictionary © 2014:

Principal Translations/Traduzioni principali
down (to [sth]) adj + prep informal (caused by)dovuto a, causato da agg
 The accident was entirely down to driver error.
 L'incidente era interamente dovuto a una manovra errata.
  Segnala un errore

WordReference English-Italiano Dictionary © 2014:

Compound Forms/Forme composte
down | down to
a long way down advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (far below)molto più giù
  giù in fondo
a long way down preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (a significant distance along )un pezzo avanti
  un bel po' oltre
average down copertura al ribasso
back down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (give in, yield)cedere vi
 Despite the evidence, he refused to back down.
batten down chiudere bene
batten down the hatches prepararsi al peggio, tenersi pronti per il peggio
batter [sth] down v (hit [sth] until it breaks down)abbattere vtr
  demolire vtr
be brought down essere ridotto/diminuito
be closed down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (business: be shut permanently)venire chiuso vi
be down on avercela con
be down to vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." informal (be determined by)essere deciso a, essere determinato a vi
be down to vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." informal (depend on)dipendere da vi
 Whether he goes free or not, It's down to the judge's decision.
be down to vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (be left with only )rimanere con, restare con vi
be down to vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (have remaining only)essere rimasto con, rimanere con, restare con vi
 We're down to the last of the coffee, so could you buy some more while you're out?
be let down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (be disappointed by [sb])essere deluso da qn vi
be passed down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (be bequeathed to next generation)essere tramandato di generazione in generazione vi
be passed down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (be genetically inherited)essere ereditato vi
be struck down essere colpito
be tied down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." figurative (have domestic obligations)  (figurato)avere degli obblighi, essere vincolato vi
be tied down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." figurative (be constricted or bound by [sth])  (figurato)essere vincolato, avere le mani legate vi
be trimmed down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." figurative (be reduced or made shorter)essere ridotto, essere accorciato vi
be turned down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (be rejected or refused)essere respinto vi
be washed down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." figurative, informal (food: be accompanied by a drink)essere bagnato con del vino vi
 Pranzammo col tacchino e lo bagnammo con dell'ottimo bordeaux.
be washed down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (be cleaned with water)essere lavato via con l'acqua vi
bear down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (push downwards)  (scrivendo)calcare vi
 If you bear down on the pen, the carbon copies will be clearer.
 Se calchi di più con la penna, la copia carbone si legge meglio.
bear down on vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (weigh heavily upon)seguire la linea dura con vi
bear down on vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (approach in a threatening manner)avanzare minacciosamente verso vi
bear down on vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (press on forcefully)esercitare pressione su vi
beat down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (sun: shine brightly and hot)  (sole)picchiare vi
 Non vengo con voi al mare, il sole picchia troppo oggi.
beat down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (rain: pour heavily)  (pioggia)scrosciare vi
 The rain beat down so hard on the apple tree that in the morning half of the apples were on the ground.
 La pioggia scroscia già da ore.
beat down vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (negotiate a lower price from [sb])  (prezzi, negoziando)fare calare, fare scendere vtr
 Ho contrattato per ore ma non sono riuscito a farli scendere sotto 100 euro.
beat [sb] down v informal (negotiate a lower price from a seller)  (informale)fare scendere qn di prezzo vtr
beat [sb] down v (demoralize [sb])demoralizzare qn vtr
   (informale)buttare giù qn vtr
bed down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (go to bed)andare a dormire, andare a letto vi
bed down vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." ([sb]: put to bed, provide bed for)mettere a dormire qn, mettere a letto qn vtr
bend down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (lean over)piegarsi, inchinarsi vtr
 The mother bent down to tie the child's shoe laces.
blow down   (far cadere con l'aria)abbattere vtr
blow down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (wind: knock over)abbattere vtr
   (informale)tirare giù vtr
 The wind blew down our swing set and shade umbrella.
blow me down interjinterjection: Exclamation--for example, "Oh no!" "Wow!" informal (expressing amazement)  (sorpresa, incredulità)Ma va!, Ma va là! interj
 Well, blow me down! You won the lottery!
  ma dai!, non ci credo! interj
 Ma dai! Non avrei mai pensato di vederti giocare a tennis!
bog down vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." informal (mire, make slow or stuck)impantanarsi v rif
 The jeep got bogged down in a huge mud puddle.
 Ci siamo impantanati nel fango.
  arenarsi, impaludarsi v rif
 nonostante i buoni propositi, il progetto si è arenato alla prima difficoltà.
bogged down adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." figurative (encumbered or oppressed)  (figurato)sommerso dal lavoro agg
 The lawyer was bogged down in paper work.
boil down vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." literal (reduce by heating)fare restringere vtr
 The cook boiled down the drippings to a rich gravy.
boil down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." literal (be reduced by heating)  (per bollitura)asciugarsi vrif
 After the stew has boiled down for a few hours it should be thick enough to serve.
boil down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." figurative (be essentially)  (figurato)ridursi a vrif
   (informale)significare semplicemente, significare in pratica vtr
 When you boil it all down, you have two choices: In or out.
 Il tutto si riduce a compiere una semplice operazione.
boil down to vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." figurative, informal (be essentially)  (condensare all'essenziale)ridurre a, ricondurre a vtr
 What it all boils down to is that your second marriage is invalid because you are not divorced from your first wife.
 Abbiamo ricondotto l'intera discussione a una mera questione economica.
boil down to vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (liquid: be reduced to by boiling)concentrare, addensare vtr
 Heat the water until it boils down to a volume of about 1ml.
 Per poter concentrare la salsa di pomodoro bisogna farla bollire a lungo.
   (liquidi, tramite bollitura)restringere, condensare, ridurre vtr
 I sughi sono più saporiti quando si fanno restringere.
bolt down vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (secure with a bolt)imbullonare vtr
 Bolt down that metal plate so that it doesn't vibrate.
bolt down vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." US slang (to eat [sth] very quickly)ingoiare, ingurgitare, divorare vtr
 Jerry was late for class, so he bolted down his breakfast.
 Aveva fretta e ha ingurgitato l'intero pranzo in tre minuti.
  ingozzarsi v rif
 A pranzo si è ingozzato, aveva ancora un mucchio di lavoro da fare.
bow down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (bend or kneel as sign of respect)inchinarsi v rif
bow down before vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." literal (bow in extreme deference to)inchinarsi davanti a, fare l'inchino davanti a vtr
 It is customary to bow down before the Emperor of Japan.
 Tutti si devono inchinare davanti alla regina
bow down before vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." figurative (show deference to)inchinarsi davanti a v rif
 He is so arrogant, the thinks everyone should bow down before him.
 Ha rinunciato a tutte le sue ricchezze per aiutare i poveri della città: non posso che inchinarmi davanti a tanta generosità.
bowed down prostrato
bowed-down in prostrazione adv
break down
breakdown
viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived."
(burst into tears)scoppiare a piangere vi
Nota: single-word form used when term is a noun
break down
breakdown
viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived."
(collapse, become weak)collassare vi
break down
breakdown
viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived."
(machine: stop working)guastarsi v rif
break down and cry v (burst into tears)scoppiare a piangere vi
breaking down nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (disintegration)disgregazione nf
  crollo nm
bring down vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (cause the demise of )portare al crollo
 La supposta pericolosità del prodotto portò al crollo delle vendite.
bring down vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." US slang dated (make [sb] sad or depressed)buttare giù, buttare giù di morale vi
 If you keep criticizing Michael, you'll just bring him down.
 La notizia mi ha buttato giù il morale.
bring [sth] down v (destroy, cause to fail)far cadere vtr
 Questo scandalo rischia di far cadere il governo.
broken down
broken-down
adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house."
(dilapidated)malridotto, fatiscente agg
Nota: hyphen used when term is an adj before a noun
 20 years ago it was a great car - but now it's broken down and doesn't work at all.
brought down riporto adj
bucket down vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." informal, figurative (rain heavily)  (figurato)piovere a catinelle vi
   (figurato, informale)piovere che Dio la manda vi
 Don't forget your umbrella - it's bucketing down out there.
buckle down vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." informal, literal (fasten, secure in place)fermare, assicurare vtr
 Will you please buckle down the car seat so it doesn't move around?
buckle down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." informal, figurative (set to work, get working)mettersi a lavorare con impegno, mettersi sotto v rif
 I've got to buckle down and finish planting the vegetable seeds.
 Ora mi metto a lavorare con impegno e vedrai che ne verrò a capo.
  inchiodarsi a
 Oggi mi inchiodo alla macchina da scrivere e non mi alzo fino a che non ho finito.
  mettersi all'opera vi
 Il lavoro da fare è tanto. Mettiamoci all'opera; prima cominciamo, prima finiamo!
buckle down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." informal, figurative (work diligently)mettersi d'impegno v rif
 I have to buckle down and finish this term paper.
 Ora mi metto d'impegno e completo la pagina.
burn down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (be completely destroyed by fire)bruciare completamente vi
burn down vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (destroy with fire, raze)ridurre in cenere vtr
burned down bruciato
button-down abbottonato al collo adj
button-down (of a shirt)con il colletto abbottonato adj
button-down (conventional)convenzionale adj
button-down shirt nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (shirt with buttons on ends of collar)camicia con bottoni al colletto nf
buttoned-down
button-down
adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house."
(shirt: with collar buttons)con bottoni al colletto agg
buttoned-down
button-down
adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house."
(shirt collar: with buttons)con bottoni agg
buttoned-down
button-down
adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house."
informal (conservative, conventional)tradizionalista agg
 The new boss seems more buttoned-down than the old one.
buy down vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (rate: lower with a subsidy)riduzione del mutuo nm
call [sb] down v US (reprimand [sb], tell [sb] off)rimproverare qualcuno vtr
calm down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (become calmer)calmarsi v rif
 Calm down! The matter has been resolved.
 Dopo un lungo pianto, finalmente il bambino si è calmato.
  placarsi v rif
 Il mare dopo la burrasca si placò.
calm down interjinterjection: Exclamation--for example, "Oh no!" "Wow!" (don't panic)xx
 Calm down! The matter has been resolved.
calm down vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (cause to become calmer)calmare vtr
 She gave the baby a bottle to calm him down.
 La mamma ha cercato di calmare il bambino che piangeva.
  placare vtr
 Il moderatore ha cercato inutilmente di placare gli animi.
cast down   (mettere giù)abbattere v
change down scalare di marcia
chop down vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (fell, cut down: a tree)abbattere vt
 Pioneers would chop down trees to build their homes.
 I pionieri abbattevano gli alberi per costruire le case.
clamp down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (enforce stricter measures)dare un giro di vite
 The city is clamping down on gang violence.
clamp down on vtr phrasal (try to curtail)  (figurato: più severi)dare un giro di vite su, dare una stretta su vtr
climb down vtr + vi literal (descend using arms and legs)discendere vtr+vi
 If the cat climbed up the tree I'm sure he can climb down.
 L'alpinista discese la parete con destrezza.
climb down [sth] vi + prep (descend)scendere, discendere vtr
 L'alpinista discese la parete con destrezza.
climb down viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." UK figurative (accept defeat, retreat from earlier position)ritirarsi v rif
  recedere, ripiegare vi
 The enemy climbed down from their position minutes before the bombs were launched.
climb-down rinuncia nf
close down
closedown
viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived."
(business: cease trading)cessare l'attività, chiudere vi
Nota: single-word form used when term is a noun
 When the doctor was killed they had to close down the clinic.
 Con la crisi sono sempre più gli esercizi che cessano le attività.
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