WordReference English-Italiano Dictionary © 2014:

Principal Translations/Traduzioni principali
be against prep (opposed to)contro prep
 Many Americans are against the war.
 Molti americani sono contro la guerra.
against prep (in contact with)contro prep
 Lean the ladder against the wall when you're not using it.
 Appoggia la scala contro il muro quando non la usi.
against prep (in contrast to)rispetto a, in confronto a, in rapporto a prep
 sullo sfondo di prep
 The buildings looked small against the mountains behind them.
 Gli edifici sembravano piccoli rispetto alle montagne dietro di loro.
against prep (sport: opposing)contro prep
 My team is playing against the national champions.
 La mia squadra gioca contro i campioni nazionali.
against prep (to the detriment of)contro prep
 Mark's errors counted against him in the final scoring.
 Gli errori di Mark hanno giocato contro di lui nel punteggio finale.
against prep (in defence of)contro prep
 The army exists to protect against invasion.
 * L'esercito è l'arma dello stato contro le invasioni.
against prep (in compensation for)per prep
 I have been awarded six thousand pounds against the loss I suffered.
 Sono stato risarcito di seimila sterline per la perdita che ho sofferto.
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WordReference English-Italiano Dictionary © 2014:

Compound Forms/Forme composte
advance against avanzare contro
advise against (doing) [sth] vtr phrasal (give a warning not to)sconsigliare vtr
 I'd advise against that course of action.
 Sconsiglierei di agire in questo modo.
advise [sb] against (doing) [sth] vtr phrasal (warn against doing)sconsigliare vtr
 I'd advise you against sailing today; the weather is turning nasty.
 Ti sconsiglio di uscire a vela oggi, il tempo sta peggiorando notevolmente.
against all odds adv (highly improbably)sfidando ogni probabilità
against expectations adv (surprisingly)contro ogni aspettativa
 a sorpresa
against his will adv (in opposition to his wishes)contro la sua volontà
 Abby was taken to the cabin in the woods against her will.
against regulations non a norma
against the clock adv (under pressure of time)contro il tempo
 It's seems as though I am always working against the clock! These deadlines are ridiculous.
against the flow adv (opposite the current)controcorrente avv
 contromano avv
against the flow adv (against general movement)in controtendenza
against the flow adv (contrary to conventional opinion)controcorrente agg
 anticonformistico agg
against the law adj (illegal)contrario alla legge
 Smoking marijuana is against the law.
against the law adv (illegally)illegalmente avv
 He was driving against the law as he had just guzzled down seven pints of beer.
against the sun nella direzione contraria al movimento del sole
against the tide contro corrente
against the wind contro vento
against the wind controvento adj
against time adj (under pressure of time)contro il tempo
 Residents are in a race against time as flood waters begin to crest along the river.
against time adv (under pressure of time)contro il tempo
against your will contro la tua volontà
battle against [sth], battle against [sb] vtr + prep figurative (strenuously oppose)battagliare contro, lottare contro vi
 He battled in vain against the factory closures.
 Ha battagliato invano contro la chiusura della fabbrica.
battle against [sth] battaglialotta contro qc nf
be against vtr phrasal insep (not agree with, oppose)essere contrario a
be insured against all liability v expr (have financial protection against 3rd-party claims)essere assicurato contro ogni responsabilità vi
bear against portare contro
bet against vtr phrasal figurative (assume that [sth] will not succeed)essere sicuri che non, scommettere che non vi
 I won't bet against him winning the marathon.
 Era sicuro che il suo avversario non sarebbe riuscito a vincere.
bet against vtr phrasal literal (wager against) puntare denaroscommettere contro vi
 Oscar lost his money because he bet against the winning horse.
 Naturalmente, aveva scommesso contro la vittoria del suo avversario.
bid against [sb] vtr phrasal insep (make a competing offer against) aste, garefare un'offerta più alta di qlcn vtr
brush up against vtr phrasal 3-part (come into physical contact with)strusciarsi vtr
 toccare vtr
 leggermentescontrare vtr
 I brushed up against him just as he was leaving.
 L'ho scontrato passando mentre lui stava uscendo.
butt against urtare contro
butt up against [sth] vi phrasal + prep (be adjacent to)essere adiacente a vi
 adiacenteessere a filo con
 The decorative moulding butts up against the door.
 La cornice decorativa è a filo con la porta.
campaign against (political)campagna contro nf
come up against vtr phrasal 3-part (encounter: opposition, obstacle)scontrarsi con vi
compete against vtr phrasal insep (rival)competere con vi
compete against/with [sb] for [sth] competere con qc per qc vi
count against [sb] vi + prep (be detrimental)pesare negativamente
crime against humanity n (atrocity)crimine contro l'umanità nm
 Genocide is considered a crime against humanity.
 Sono molti gli ex militari che nel conflitto dei Balcani si sono macchiati di crimini contro l'umanità.
Crimes Against Persons npl (law: violent offences)delitti contro la persona
dead against phrase slang (totally opposed to)del tutto contrario
 I wanted to go to Art School, but my parents were dead against it.
decide against doing [sth] vi + prep (choose not to)decidere di non vtr
 I decided against going on holiday this year, since I had just lost my job.
 Ho deciso di non andare in vacanza quest'anno.
decide against [sth] vi + prep (not opt for)decidere di non vtr
 I decided against flying and took a train instead.
 Ho deciso di non usare l'aereo, piuttosto userò il treno.
demonstrate against vtr phrasal insep (protest publicly about)protestare contro
 dimostrare contro
discriminate against vtr phrasal insep (act with prejudice against)discriminare vtr
fight against combattere contro
fight back against vtr phrasal 3-part (try to combat)combattere vtr
 lottare contro vi
find against vtr phrasal insep (law: rule opposed to [sb]'s position)emettere sentenza contraria a vtr
 The jury found against the defendants, who were ordered to pay millions of dollars in damages.
fulminate against [sth] or [sb] vi + prep (denounce, criticize strongly)denunciare, criticare vtr
 attaccare vtr
 scagliarsi contro v rif
go against vtr phrasal insep (not comply with)andare contro vi
 If you go against his wishes, he will make things difficult for you.
 Chi va contro le regole talvolta può avere dei buoni motivi.
go against vtr phrasal insep (be in opposition to)andare contro vi
 To go against the mob takes courage.
 Ci vuole coraggio ad andare contro chi è più forte di te.
 dare contro vi
 Non puoi sempre dare contro a tua sorella, solo per il gusto di farlo!
go against the grain v expr figurative (be unconventional)andare contro al buon senso vi
 Va contro al buon senso sprecare così tanto cibo quando ci sono tante persone che hanno fame.
go against the grain v expr figurative (be uncharacteristic)non essere da qlcn vi
 Your acting dishonestly certainly goes against the grain.
 Non è da te agire in modo disonesto.
go against the grain riuscire intollerabile
guard against vtr phrasal insep (protect from)proteggere da vtr
guard against [sth] v (take measures to prevent [sth])proteggersi da vrif
 Wear a sunhat to guard against sunburn.
 I messicani portano il sombrero per proteggersi dal sole.
have a bias against vtr (be prejudiced against)avere un pregiudizio contro vi
 They have a bias against assertive women.
 Hanno un pregiudizio contro le donne troppo sicure di sé.
have no proof against s.o. non avere prove contro qcn
hit against vtr (strike, collide with)finire contro, scontrare contro, sbattere contro vi
 The rock rolled down the hill until it hit against a tree.
 La roccia rotolò a valle e finì contro un albero.
hold [sth] against [sb] vtr phrasal (begrudge: [sth] of [sb])rinfacciare vtr
 He always held it against me that I voted against him for leader of the Party.
 Mi rinfaccia sempre il fatto che ho votato contro di lui come leader del partito.
hold against vtr phrasal sep (begrudge, resent) informaleavercela con qlcn vtr
hold against rinfacciare; trattare qcn. male per qcs. Fatta in passato
hold it against [sb] v expr informal (bear a grudge)portare rancore vtr
 informaleavercela con qlcn vtr
 She insulted him years ago, and he still holds it against her.
 Lei l'aveva insultato anni fa, e lui ancora le porta rancore.
 Anni fa lei ha insultato lui, e ora lui ce l'ha ancora con lei.
hold it against rinfacciare v
hold out against vtr phrasal 3-part (continue to resist)resistere, non cedere vi
 The remote mountain village held out against the foreign armies. I'm holding out against joining Facebook.
hold [sth] against [sb] v expr (hold a grudge) essere arrabbiato con qualcunoavercela con qcn vtr
 I won't hold it against you if you don't want to join me.
 Ce l'aveva con me perché non ero andata alla sua festa.
hope against hope sperare nell'impossibile
hoping against hope adj (staying optimistic)continuare a sperare, restare ottimisti vi
 non perdere la speranza vtr
house divided against itself casa divisa da lotte intestine
information against contro informazione
information against informazioni contro
Italian government agency for the insurance against work-related injuries Istituto Nazionale per l'Assicurazione contro gli Infortuni sul LavoroI.N.A.I.L. nm
kick against vtr phrasal insep (rebel against or resist)opporsi a, ribellarsi a v rif
 insorgere contro vi
kick against prendere a calci v
kick against ribellarsi a
labor against USlavoro contro
labour against [sth] v (work hard to prevent or stop [sth])combattere vtr
 lottare contro
 We must continue to labour against this discrimination.
lash out against vtr phrasal 3-part (attack verbally, be aggressive towards)prendersela con, urlare contro, sfogarsi con vi
 She bottles up her anger towards her mother and than lashes out against her husband for no reason.
 Tiene dentro di sé le frustrazioni che le causa sua madre e poi se la prende col marito senza motivo.
lean against [sth] vtr phrasal (put one's weight against for support)appoggiarsi a v rif
 He felt dizzy and had to lean against the wall for support.
 Gli girava la testa e ha dovuto appoggiarsi al muro per tenersi in piedi.
lean against [sth] vtr phrasal (be propped against [sth])essere appoggiato a vi
 The board leans against the wall.
lean [sth] against [sth] vtr phrasal (prop: [sth] up on [sth])appoggiare su vtr
 The thief leaned his ladder against the wall of the house.
 Il ladro ha appoggiato la scala a pioli contro il muro della casa.
march against vtr phrasal insep (demonstrate, protest about)marciare contro, dimostrare contro vi
matched against [sb]/[sth] adj + prep (in competition)dover gareggiare contro vi
measure against vtr phrasal sep (compare and contrast with)paragonare con vtr
 The new president's success would always be measured against his predecessor's.
militate against militare contro
over against di fronte a
pit [sb] against [sb] v expr (force [sb] to compete with [sb])metter qn contro qualcun'altro
pitted against, pitted against [sb] prep (in competition with)messo in competizione con agg
play against vtr phrasal insep (have as an opponent)giocare con, giocare contro vi
 Every time I play against Tom, he beats me in every game.
 Da anni gioco a scacchi con Camillo e lui mi batte regolarmente, ogni volta!
play off (s.o against s.o.) mettere una persona contro l'altra
play [sb] against [sb] mettere uno contro l'altro vtr
prejudice against n (bias against)pregiudizio contro, pregiudizio verso, pregiudizio nei confronti di nm
 We should distinguish between prejudice against people (an emotion) and discrimination against them (often an illegal act).
 Il pregiudizio contro le persone di etnia Rom è duro a morire
prejudice against n (hostility to)discriminazione nei confronti di
prejudice against vtr phrasal (make hostile to)instillare pregiudizi contro vtr
 I hope you're not telling tales, just to prejudice me against your brother.
 Spero che tu non mi stia mentendo solo per instillarmi pregiudizi contro tuo fratello
prejudice against vtr phrasal (cause to be biased against)discriminare ai danni di
 Extreme right-wing political parties tend to incite prejudice against ethnic minorities.
press your head against premere la testa contro vtr
protest against protestare contro
provide against vtr phrasal insep (guarantee or insure against)far fronte a, proteggersi da vi
 We keep a cellar full of canned food to provide against shortages.
push against vtr phrasal insep (put up resistance to)spingere contro qc vtr
race against time n (task to be done in very little time)corsa contro il tempo nf
rise against vtr phrasal insep (resist, protest against)sollevarsi contro v rif
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