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WordReference English-Italiano Dictionary © 2017:

Principal Translations/Traduzioni principali
IngleseItaliano
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (close: around)vicino a prep
 There's a drinking fountain by the tennis court.
 C'è una fontanella vicino al campo da tennis.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (close: past)davanti a prep
 We always walk by the post office on the way to work.
 Passiamo sempre davanti all'ufficio postale, andando al lavoro.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (close: beside, near to)vicino a, accanto a, nelle vicinanze di prep
 The keys are by the door over there.
 Le chiavi sono là, vicino alla porta.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (close: distance measure)per, di prep
 The ball missed the window by a metre.
 La palla ha mancato la finestra per un metro.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (agent in passives)da prep
 The tree was cut down by his neighbour.
 L'albero è stato tagliato dal suo vicino.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (time: not later than)per prep
  entro prep
 You must have the report done by Monday.
 Devi aver finito la relazione per lunedì.
 Devi finire la relazione entro lunedì.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (via: using the means of)in, con prep
 Should we go by car or by taxi?
 Andiamo in auto o in taxi?
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (via: using a route)per, da prep
 I usually go by New York when I fly to Europe.
 Di solito passo per New York quando vado in Europa con l'aereo.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (author, creator)di prep
 Hamlet is a play by Shakespeare.
 Amleto è un'opera teatrale di Shakespeare.
 
Traduzioni aggiuntive
IngleseItaliano
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (during) (durante)di prep
 The street is noisy by day but very quiet by night.
 La strada è rumorosa di giorno, ma molto tranquilla di notte.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (according to)con prep
  di prep
 I know him by his first name.
 Lo conosco con il nome di battesimo.
 Lo conosco di nome.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (with the authority of)per prep
 By the authority vested in me, I proclaim you husband and wife.
 Per l'autorità conferitami, vi dichiaro marito e moglie.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (in conformity with)secondo prep
 He does everything by the book.
 Lui fa tutto secondo il libro.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (on the basis of)per prep
 They met by chance.
 Si sono incontrati per caso.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (after, serially)dopo prep
  a prep
 Things got more tense minute by minute. They walked down the road two by two.
 Le cose si facevano più tese minuto dopo minuto.
 Camminavano per la strada due a due.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (multiplied by, times)per prep
 Two by four is eight.
 Due per quattro fa otto.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (unit of measure)a prep
 She bought eggs by the dozen. We get paid by the hour.
 Ha comprato uova a pacchi di dodici. Veniamo pagati all'ora.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (horse: sired by) (equini: paternità)figlio di nm
 Screaming Thunder, by Screaming Eagle, won the Preakness.
 Screaming Thunder, figlio di Screaming Eagle, ha vinto la gara di Preakness.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (describing compass points)-
 Head north by northeast.
 Dirigetevi a nord nordest.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (indicating means)tramite, grazie a prep
Nota: Spesso sostituito dal gerundio passato.
 By finishing her homework early, she was able to join her friends.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (accompanying conditions)a prep
 We love to eat by candlelight.
 Adoriamo mangiare a lume di candela.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (indicating dimensions) (misure)per prep
 The board should measure 2 by 4 feet.
 La tavola dovrebbe misurare 2 piedi per 4.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (margin)di prep
 CO2 emissions have reduced by 5% over the past three years. Jeff is older than Carl by eight months.
 Le emissioni di CO2 si sono ridotte del 5% nel corso degli ultimi tre anni.
  Manca qualcosa di importante? Segnala un errore o suggerisci miglioramenti

WordReference English-Italiano Dictionary © 2017:

Compound Forms/Forme composte
IngleseItaliano
abide by [sth] vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S] (obey)attenersi a vi
  (regole)rispettare vtr
 Cathy decided to abide by the rules.
 Cathy ha deciso di attenersi alle regole.
along by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." UK (along the length of, next to)a fianco di
  lungo il fianco di
annuity paid by installments,
UK: also annuity paid by instalments
nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
(business: periodic payments)annualità pagata a rate nf
as attested by come attestato da
as by law enacted a norma di legge
as time goes by exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own." (as circumstances change)col passare del tempo, con il passare del tempo loc avv
 Sometimes, as time goes by, people's interests and tastes change.
attended by [sb/sth] adj + prep (accompanied)accompagnato da agg
 The queen was attended by six ladies in waiting.
 La regina era accompagnata da sei dame di servizio.
baffled by [sth] adj + prep (confused, mystified)confuso da, frastornato da, stupefatto da, sorpreso da agg
 The police detective was baffled by the strange circumstances of the murder.
 Il detective era confuso dalle strane circostanze dell'omicidio.
baptism by fire,
baptism of fire
nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
figurative (difficult initiation) (figurato: iniziazione)battesimo del fuoco nm
 My first day as a math teacher was a baptism of fire. The pupils just wouldn't keep quiet !
 Il mio primo giorno come insegnante di matematica è stato un battesimo del fuoco. I bambini non stavano zitti neanche a morire!
baptism by fire,
baptism of fire
nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
figurative (soldier: first combat)battesimo del fuoco nm
 Bullets were flying all around and people were dying; it was truly a baptism by fire.
 Tutt'attorno volavano proiettili e morivano persone: è stato davvero un battesimo del fuoco.
be affected by  (to feel the effects of)risentire di v
be affected by  (to feel the effects of)subire l'influenza di v
be assisted by essere affiancato da pp
be attracted by [sth] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (find [sth] appealing)essere attratto da v
 Some women are attracted by men with money.
 Certe donne sono attratte dagli uomini coi soldi.
be bogged down in/by [sth] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." figurative (encumbered or oppressed) (figurato)essere sommerso da, essere oberato da vi
 The lawyer was bogged down in paper work.
 L'avvocato era oberato dalle scartoffie.
be followed by [sth/sb] vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (precede, come before)essere seguito da vi
 The calm is always followed by the storm.
be hit by a car v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (be knocked down)essere investito da un'auto, essere investito da una macchina vi
  (informale)essere preso sotto da un'auto, essere preso sotto da una macchina vi
 Greg crossed the street without checking for traffic, and was consequently hit by a car.
 Greg ha attraversato la strada senza guardare ed è stato investito da una macchina.
be known by essere conosciuto da
be led by [sth] vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (be guided)farsi guidare da [qlcs] v
 I will be led by my doctor's advice.
 Mi farò guidare dai consigli del mio medico.
be led by [sb] vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (be managed)essere guidato da [qlcn], essere diretto da [qlcn], essere gestito da [qlcn] vi
 The research project was led by a university professor.
 Il progetto di ricerca era diretto da un professore universitario.
be powered by [sth] vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (run or function on)essere alimentato da vi
 Most cars are powered by petrol.
be regulated by essere regolato da
be seized by essere colto da
be turned on by eccitarsi per
be written by [sb] vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (have as author)essere scritto da vi
 The story was written by Edgar Allan Poe.
 Questo romanzo è stato scritto da Edgar Allan Poe.
begin by doing [sth] vi + prep (do first)iniziare, cominciare vi
 When learning a new recipe, it is best to begin by reading all the way through.
 Quando si prova una nuova ricetta è bene iniziare leggendola prima tutta da cima a fondo.
benumbed by [sth] adj + prep literary (made numb by: cold, etc.)intorpidito da agg
be beset by [sth/sb] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (under attack: from enemy)essere sotto attacco di vi
beset by [sth] adj + prep (surrounded by)circondato da agg
beset by [sth] adj + prep figurative (assailed: by difficulties, doubts, etc.) (figurato)assalito da agg
 Joan was suddenly beset by doubts as to her brother's motives.
besotted by [sb],
besotted with [sb]
adj + prep
(infatuated with [sb](formale)infatuato di agg
  innamorato di agg
  (figurato, informale)cotto di agg
 He is besotted by her and would do anything for her.
 È infatuato di lei e farebbe qualunque cosa per lei.
bit by bit advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." informal (gradually) (anche figurato)pezzo per pezzo avv
bitten by the love bug  (modo di dire)colpito dall'amore
blow by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." (be swept past)svolazzare vi
 A paper bag blew by in the wind.
 Un sacchetto di carta svolazzava nel vento.
blow by [sb/sth] vi + prep (be swept past)svolazzare accanto a [qlcn/qlcs] vi
  passare accanto a [qlcn/qlcs] volando, passare in volo accanto a [qlcn/qlcs] vi
  (in volo)passare accanto a [qlcn/qlcs] vi
blow-by-blow adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." informal (account: detailed) (informale: precisamente)per filo e per segno
  in ogni dettaglio
 The eyewitness gave a blow-by-blow description of the horrific event.
 Il testimone ha descritto per filo e per segno il terribile evento.
bothered by [sth] adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (concerned, troubled)preoccupato agg
 I am bothered by the way he treats my daughter.
 Sono davvero preoccupata per il modo in cui tratta mia figlia.
bound by [sth] adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." figurative (legally obligated) (figurato)legato da [qlcs] agg
 We are bound by the terms of the contract.
 Siamo legati dalle clausole del contratto.
bounded by [sth] preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." figurative (limited) (figurato)limitato da [qlcs] pp
bounded by [sth] preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (surrounded)circondato da [qlcs] pp
brush by sfiorare passando
BTW advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." abbreviation (incidentally)tra l'altro loc avv
by a great deal advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by a large amount or extent)di gran lunga avv
 The Indian Ocean is smaller than the Pacific Ocean by a great deal.
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. Marcello è di gran lunga il miglior studente del conservatorio e sarà senz'altro un concertista di successo.
by a hair advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by a very slight margin, only just)per un pelo avv
 The truck missed the cyclist by a hair.
 Il camion ha mancato il ciclista per un pelo.
by a hair's breadth advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by the slightest margin)per un pelo idiom
 The horse won by a hair's breadth.
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. Che paura, sono vivo per un pelo!
by a long shot exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own." (by a large margin, unlikely)di gran lunga loc avv
Nota: Usually used in the negative.
by a majority advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by most people, by more than half)a maggioranza avv
 They were able to pass their laws by a majority vote of 51 to 49.
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. Il progetto di legge è stato approvato a maggioranza.
by a narrow margin advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by a very small number or amount)di stretta misura avv
 He was elected president by a narrow margin.
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. Il candidato locale ha vinto le elezioni di stretta misura.
  con un margine ristretto avv
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. La gara è stata vinta ancora dai francesi, stavolta con un margine molto ristretto.
by a show of hands advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (with an impromptu vote)per alzata di mano avv
 Our class decided to continue reading the novel by a show of hands.
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. Voteremo per alzata di mano.
by accident advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (mistakenly, not intentionally)per errore avv
  involontariamente avv
 I spilt some coffee on the carpet by accident.
 Per errore ho rovesciato un po' di caffè sul tappeto.
by air advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (via aeroplane)per via aerea
 Did you send the package by air?
 Avete spedito il pacco per via aerea?
by air advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (through the atmosphere)via etere
by airmail advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (postal delivery: via plane)via posta aerea, tramite posta aerea avv
 All letters from the U.S. to Africa go by airmail these days; surface mail isn't available.
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. La spedizione avverrà via posta aerea.
  per via aerea avv
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. La lettera sarà spedita per via aerea.
by all accounts advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (according to everyone)a detta di tutti avv
by all means advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (of course, certainly)assolutamente avv
  certamente avv
 "Can I borrow your pen for a moment?" "By all means!"
 "Mi presti la penna per un momento?" "Certamente!"
by analogy exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own." (in comparison with [sth] similar)per analogia loc avv
by and by advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in a while)tra breve, tra poco avv
by and by advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (eventually)prima o poi avv
 Be patient! I'll get around to it by and by.
 Abbi pazienza! Prima o poi troverò il tempo per questo.
by and large advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in general, on the whole)in generale avv
  in linea di massima avv
 Not everything about my job is good, but by and large, I enjoy it.
 Nel mio lavoro non tutto va bene ma, in generale, mi piace.
by any chance advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (possibly)per caso avv
 Would you by any chance be able to lend me $10?
 Per caso puoi prestarmi dieci dollari?
by any means advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in any way, via any method)con ogni mezzo avv
 Nella giungla bisogna sopravvivere con ogni mezzo.
  ad ogni costo avv
 Arriverò in tempo, ad ogni costo.
by any standard advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by no matter what measure)sotto ogni punto di vista avv
by birth advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (through one's family)per nascita avv
 The U.S. Constitution requires the president to be American by birth, not a naturalized citizen.
 La costituzione statunitense stabilisce che il presidente sia americano per nascita, e non un cittadino naturalizzato.
by birth advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (through natural talent)di natura loc agg
  (di talento)nato agg
 He was an artist by birth.
 Era un artista di natura.
 Era un artista nato.
by bus advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (travel or transport: on a bus)in autobus avv
 Amy usually travels to work by bus.
 Amy solitamente va al lavoro in autobus.
by candlelight advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (illuminated only by candle flame)a lume di candela
by car advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (via motor vehicle)in automobile, in auto
  (informale)in macchina
 By car, you could get from Lansing to Detroit in about two hours.
 Per andare da Lansing a Detroit in auto ci vogliono due ore.
by chance advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (coincidentally)per caso avv
 I met my French teacher by chance in the supermarket.
 Ho incontrato la mia insegnate di francese per caso al supermercato.
by choice advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (willingly, of one's free will)per scelta avv
 I did not exactly retire by choice.
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. Ad oggi io sono single per scelta.
by command advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by giving orders)a comando avv
 Sono stufo di fare sempre tutto a comando!
by common consent advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (with everyone's agreement)di comune accordo avv
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. Il consiglio comunale ha trovato una soluzione di comune accordo per risolvere l'emergenza rifiuti.
by comparison advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (when compared)in confronto avv
 La polizia ha arrestato un ladro dall'attività incredibile. In confronto Arsenio Lupin era un boy-scout.
by comparison with exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own." (compared with, relative to)in confronto a prep
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. E tu saresti un poeta? Tu non sei nessuno in confronto a Dante.
by consensus advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by general agreement)con il consenso generale avv
 Quakers make their decisions by consensus, not by compromise.
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. La mozione è stata approvata con il consenso generale.
by contrast advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (on the other hand)al contrario, invece avv
 I'm always late but you, by contrast, are always on time.
 Io sono sempre in ritardo, invece tu sei sempre in orario.
by default advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in the absence of alternatives) (figurato)a tavolino
 When his opponent pulled out of the match, he won by default.
 Quando l'avversario si ritirò, gli fu assegnata la vittoria a tavolino.
by default advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (not actively or purposefully)automaticamente loc avv
by degrees per gradi
by dint of [sth] preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." dated (by means of: work, effort)per mezzo di prep
  a forza di prep
 By dint of brilliant organization, we were able to depart on time.
by doing advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." informal (by practising, on the job)con la pratica
 I've never been great at tests and exams: learn best by doing.
 Non sono mai stato bravo negli esami e nei test: s'impara meglio con la pratica.
by election per elezione
by extension advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in a more general sense)per estensione
 Calling me a dumb blonde insults me and, by extension, insults all women with blonde hair.
 Chiamarmi "bionda scema" è offensivo per me e per estensione tutte le donne coi capelli biondi.
by far advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by a large margin)di gran lunga avv
 The U.S. is, by far, the largest producer of corn in the world.
 Gli Stati Uniti sono di gran lunga i più grandi produttori di grano al mondo.
by foot,
on foot
advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
(on foot, walking)a piedi
 Most people drove but a few arrived by foot.
 La maggior parte delle persone è venuta in macchina ma alcune sono arrivate a piedi.
by force advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (using physical strength, violence)a forza
  con la forza
 Soldiers generally operate by force.
 Generalmente i soldati agiscono con la forza.
by freight advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (via cargo transport)via cargo avv
by half advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by 50 per cent)della metà
  a metà
 Since I retired my income is down by half.
 Da quando sono in pensione il mio reddito si è ridotto della metà.
too ... by half adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." UK, slang, figurative (extremely)di gran lunga
 Your problem is, you're too clever by half!
 Il tuo problema è che sei di gran lunga troppo intelligente!
by hand advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (manually, not by machine)a mano avv
 You can see that these tools were made by hand.
 Il ricamo del vestito è stato realizzato a mano.
by heart advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (from memory)a memoria avv
 I learnt the sonnet by heart.
 Quella poesia la conosco a memoria.
by hook or by crook advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." figurative (by any means necessary)di riffa o di raffa
  con le buone o con le cattive
  in un modo o nell'altro
by human hand advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (touched, made: by people) (creato)dall'uomo
  (creato)per mano dell'uomo
by installments,
UK: also by installments
advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
(a bit at a time)a rate loc avv
 I'm paying for my saxophone by installments of $50 each month.
by instinct advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (intuitively)d'istinto
 I knew by instinct that she was lying, but I didn't say anything.
 Ho capito d'istinto che stava mentendo, ma non ho detto niente.
by instinct advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (following innate guide)d'istinto
 Birds fly south by instinct.
 Gli uccelli volano a sud d'istinto.
by intuition advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (instinctively)per intuito, d'intuito avv
 I knew by intuition that he was a good person.
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. La sua decisione, anche se presa d'intuito, si è rivelata giusta.
by itself advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (without help)da solo avv
  da sé avv
 The bruise will go away by itself.
 Il livido se ne andrà da solo.
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