by

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 [ˈbaɪ]


WordReference English-Dutch Dictionary © 2019:

Voornaamste vertalingen
EngelsNederlands
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (close: beside, near to)bij, naast voorz.
 The keys are by the door over there.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (close: around)bij voorz.
 There's a drinking fountain by the tennis court.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (close: past)langs voorz.
 We always walk by the post office on the way to work.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (close: distance measure)met voorz.
 The ball missed the window by a metre.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (time: not later than)voor voorz.
  (nadruk)uiterlijk voorz.
 You must have the report done by Monday.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (via: using the means of)met voorz.
 Should we go by car or by taxi?
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (via: using a route)via voorz.
 I usually go by New York when I fly to Europe.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (author, creator)van, door voorz.
 Hamlet is a play by Shakespeare.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (according to)bij voorz.
 I know him by his first name.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (unit of measure)per voorz.
 She bought eggs by the dozen.
 
Aanvullende vertalingen
EngelsNederlands
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (during)tijdens, gedurende voorz.
 The street is noisy by day but very quiet by night.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (with the authority of)bij voorz.
 By the authority vested in me, I proclaim you husband and wife.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (in conformity with)volgens voorz.
 He does everything by the book.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (on the basis of)bij, door voorz.
 They met by chance.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (after, serially)per voorz.
 Things got more tense minute by minute. They walked down the road two by two.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (multiplied by, times)keer, maal voorz.
 Two by four is eight.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (divide)door voorz.
 Twelve divided by six is two.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (horse: sired by) (in de paardensport)door bn
 Screaming Thunder, by Screaming Eagle, won the Preakness.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (describing compass points)tot voorz.
 Head north by northeast.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (agent in passives)door voorz.
 The tree was cut down by his neighbour.
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WordReference English-Dutch Dictionary © 2019:

Overeenkomende vermeldingen van de andere kant van het woordenboek
Voornaamste vertalingen
NederlandsEngels
naast bn (dichtsbijzijnd)next to adv + prep
  beside preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
  by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
aan voorzetsel (plaatsaanduiding)on preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
  at preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
  by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
per vz (door, via)by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
  via preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
ter vz (samentrekking van "te der" )for preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
  to preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
  by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
via vz (langs)via preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
  by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
  through preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
bij vz (langs)by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
door vz (door middel van)by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
  by means of exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
door vz (handelend voorwerp)by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
 Het boek werd geschreven door een vrouw.
bij vz (vastgrijpen)by
 De dief werd bij de kraag gegrepen.
 
Aanvullende vertalingen
NederlandsEngels
middels vz (door middel van)by, by means of preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
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Samengestelde woorden:
NederlandsEngels
aan de hand van bw (door middel van)on the basis of advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  by means of advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  through advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
aan een draadje hangend bn/bw figuurlijk (precair) (figurative)hanging by a thread advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
aan een draadje hangend bn/bw letterlijk (opgehangen aan een draad)hanging by a thread advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
aan een zijden draad hangend bn/bw figuurlijk (precair) (figurative)hang by a thread v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
aan zee bw (kust: plaats)by the sea, on the coast exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
afgeschrikt worden door overg. uitdr. (bang gemaakt door)be scared off by v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
  be frightened by v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
  be deterred by v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
al doende leren bw+overg. ww (iets leren door het te doen)learn by doing v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
als bij toverslag bw (plots, onverwacht)as if by magic advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  miraculously advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
daarmee bw (met dit)with that advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  by that advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
dichtbij bw (op korte afstand)near, close, nearby, close by advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
geenszins bw (helemaal niet)not at all, by no means advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
geleidelijk bn/bw (langzaam aan)gradual adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house."
  gradually advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  by degrees advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
hierdoor bw (door dit)through this advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  through here advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  by doing so advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
hiermee bw (met dit)with this advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  by this advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
iets vreselijk vinden overg. uitdr. (iets zeer erg vinden)find something terrible v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
  hate vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat."
  be appalled by something v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
in de kraag vatten overg. uitdr. figuurlijk (arresteren) (figurative)grab by the collar v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
  arrest vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat."
in de schaduw staan van overg. uitdr. figuurlijk (minder belangrijk zijn dan)be overshadowed by, be outshone by v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
in geen geval bw (zeer zeker niet)by no means advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  under no circumstances advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  in no case advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
in je eentje bw (alleen)alone advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  by oneself advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
komen achter overg. ww (ontdekken)come by vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S]
  get vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat."
langsgaan bij ww+vz (iem. bezoeken)pass by vi + prep
  drop by vi + prep
  visit vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat."
langskomen bij ww+vz (iem. bezoeken)pass by vi + prep
  drop by vi + prep
  visit vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat."
langswippen bij ww+vz informeel (iem. bezoeken)pass by vi + prep
  drop by vi + prep
langzamerhand bw (progressief)gradually, little by little, bit by bit advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
met de bus bw (per bus)by bus advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
met de bus gaan onoverg. uitdr. (per bus reizen)go by bus, take the bus v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
met de trein bw (per trein)by train advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
nabij bn (dichtbij)near, close by adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house."
overdag bw (bij dag)by day, during the day advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
stappenplan nw het (plan in stappen)step-by-step plan nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
  road map nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
stilaan bw (langzamerhand)gradually advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  bit by bit, little by little advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
telefonisch bn/bw (per telefoon)by telephone advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
toevallig bw (bij toeval, toevalligerwijs)accidentally, by chance advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
trouwens bw (overigens)by the way advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  besides advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
vanzelf bw (automatisch)automatically advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  by itself advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
iets verkrijgen overg. ww (in de wacht slepen)obtain vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat."
  come by vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S]
  (informal)get vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat."
veruit bw (verreweg)by far advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
iemand/iets voorbijgaan overg. ww (passeren)pass by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up."
  go by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up."
waarmee bw (betrekkelijk: met wat)with which advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  by which advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
zich laten zien onoverg. uitdr. (even binnenspringen) (informal)pop by vi + prep
  show up vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up."
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WordReference English-Dutch Dictionary © 2019:

Samengestelde woorden:
EngelsNederlands
abide by vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S] (obey)zich houden aan wk.ww + vz
be bogged down in/by [sth] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." figurative (encumbered or oppressed) (figuurlijk)verzanden in ww+vz
  (figuurlijk)blijven steken in onoverg.uitdr.
 The lawyer was bogged down in paper work.
beset by vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (under attack: from enemy)belegerd door adj + vz
  aangevallen door adj + vz
beset by [sth] preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." figurative (assailed: by difficulties, doubts, etc.) (figuurlijk)overvallen door adj + vz
  (figuurlijk)overmand door adj + vz
 She was suddenly beset by doubts as to his motives.
beset by [sth] preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (surrounded by [sth])omsingeld door adj + vz
  ingesloten door adj + vz
besotted by [sb],
besotted with [sb]
adj + prep
(infatuated with [sb](figuurlijk)verblind bn
  (figuurlijk)in de ban bw
 He is besotted by her and would do anything for her.
by a hair advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by a very slight margin, only just) (figuurlijk)op een haar na, op een haartje naar bw
  nèt bw
 The truck missed the cyclist by a hair.
by accident advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (mistakenly, not intentionally)per ongeluk bw
 I spilt some coffee on the carpet by accident.
by all means advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (of course, certainly)zeker, in elk geval, natuurlijk bw
 "Can I borrow your pen for a moment?" "By all means!"
by and large advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in general, on the whole)over het algemeen, al met al bw
 Not everything about my job is good, but by and large, I enjoy it.
by birth advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (through one's family)van geboorte bw
 The U.S. Constitution requires the president to be American by birth, not a naturalized citizen.
by bus advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (travel or transport: on a bus)met de bus, per bus bw
 Amy usually travels to work by bus.
by chance advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (coincidentally)bij toeval, per toeval, toevallig bw
 I met my French teacher by chance in the supermarket.
by dint of [sth] preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." dated (by means of: work, effort)door, door middel van vz
 By dint of brilliant organization, we were able to depart on time.
by far advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by a large margin)verreweg bw
  (Belg.)veruit bw
 The U.S. is, by far, the largest producer of corn in the world.
by foot,
on foot
advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
(on foot, walking)te voet, lopend bw
  (informeel)met de benenwagen bw
 Most people drove but a few arrived by foot.
by installments (US),
by instalments (UK)
advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
(a bit at a time) (tekst)in afleveringen bw
  (lening)in termijnen, op afbetaling bw
 I'm paying for my saxophone by installments of $50 each month.
by law advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (legally)bij de wet, volgens de wet bw
 By law, in England the minimum age for buying alcholic beverages is eighteen.
by no means advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (not at all, not in any way)in geen geval bw
 This handbag costs £300, but it's by no means the most expensive one in the shop.
by the way advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (incidentally)tussen haakjes, trouwens bw
 By the way, have you seen this before?
by train advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (travel or transport: on a train)met de trein, per trein bw
 The easiest way to get there is by train.
byroad,
by-road
nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
(countryside: side road)zijweg nw de
be characterized by [sth],
also UK: be characterised by [sth]
v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
(have as an identifying trait)gekenmerkt door bn+vz
 Summers here are characterized by hot days and cool nights.
close by adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (near, in close proximity)dichtbij, in de buurt bw
come by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." informal (pay a visit)langskomen onoverg.ww
 He doesn't come by often.
come by [sth] vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S] informal (find, obtain by chance) (figuurlijk)stuiten op ww + vz
 We came by these old coins in our garden when we were digging over the vegetable plot.
consent judgment,
judgment by consent (US),
consent judgement (UK)
nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
(law: agreement)vertaling niet beschikbaar
constrained by [sth] adj + prep (limited: by laws, means)begrensd, beperkt bn
 The power of the police is constrained by the law.
consumed with [sth],
consumed by [sth]
adj + prep
figurative (overwhelmed by emotion) (fig., door emotie)verteerd bn
 Paul was consumed with jealousy when he saw Sarah with another man.
be controlled by [sb] adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (person: be manipulated by [sb])beheerst bn
  gedomineerd bn
 Stacy is controlled by her husband; she will do anything he wants her to do.
counterweight [sth] (with [sth]),
counterweight [sth] (by doing [sth])
vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat."
figurative (provide a balance with) (figuurlijk)opwegen tegen onoverg.ww + vz
  tegenwicht vormen nw+overg.ww
  neutraliseren overg.ww
 Her book is an attempt to counterweight government propaganda on the subject of education.
be directed by [sb] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (movie: have as director) (film)geregisseerd zijn onoverg.uitdr.
 '2001, A Space Odyssey' was directed by Stanley Kubrick.
be directed by [sb] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (project: be coordinated by) (project)gedirigeerd zijn, geleid zijn onoverg.uitdr.
 This book series was directed by the chair of the department.
be directed by [sb] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (be controlled, ordered by)geregeld zijn, bevolen zijn onoverg.uidr.
 The bombing was directed by the top general in charge.
don't judge a book by the cover,
don't judge a book by its cover
interjinterjection: Exclamation--for example, "Oh no!" "Wow!"
proverb (appearances can be deceptive)het zijn niet alleen koks die lange messen dragen, schijn bedriegt gezegde
  schijn kan bedriegen frase
 She definitely looks trustworthy, but don't judge a book by its cover.
drive by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." (go past in a vehicle)voorbijrijden onoverg.ww
 Ray drove by in his truck.
drive-by nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (shooting from car)schietpartij vanuit een rijdende auto frase
drive-by adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." informal (shooting: from car) (m.b.t. schietpartij)vanuit een rijdende auto bw
drop by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." informal (pay a casual visit)even langsgaan bw + ww
  (informeel)aanwippen onoverg.ww
 Peter dropped by earlier this afternoon.
drop by drop advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (one droplet at a time)druppel voor druppel bw
 Click the rubber bulb of dropper to release the liquid drop by drop.
flash by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." (go past rapidly)voorbijrazen, voorbijflitsen onoverg.ww
 Paul flashed by on his fast motorbike.
flyby,
fly-by
nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
(flight close to [sth] for observation)voorbijvliegen op kleine afstand nw het, ont.
follow [sth] up by doing [sth],
follow up [sth] by doing [sth]
v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
(make further communication)opvolgen overg.ww
 John followed up his interview by sending a thank-you note.
gain by [sth],
gain by doing [sth]
vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S]
(take advantage or profit by)te winnen overg.ww.
  baat hebben bij, voordeel hebben bij onoverg. uitdr.
 What have you got to gain by lying about it?
 Wat heb je te winnen door erover te liegen?
get bogged down in/by [sth] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." figurative, informal (stuck: in activity, etc.) (figuurlijk, informeel)zich blind staren op onoverg. uitdr.
  (figuurlijk)verzanden, vastlopen onoverg. ww
 I thought I would be able to leave early, but I got bogged down by paperwork.
get carried away (with/by [sth]) v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." figurative (be overexcited)zich laten meeslepen wk.ww
  overdrijven overg.ww
 She gets carried away at Christmas, and spends too much money on everything.
 Ze laat zich meeslepen met Kerstmis en geeft teveel geld uit aan alles.
get carried away with [sth],
get carried away by [sth]
v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
figurative (be overcome with excitement)zich niet kunnen beheersen, zich niet kunnen inhouden onoverg.uitdr.
 Mark got carried away with all the excitement and nearly fainted. Sophia got carried away by the emotion of the occasion and burst into tears.
go by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." figurative (time: pass)verstrijken onoverg.ww
  (figuurlijk)voorbijgaan onoverg.ww
 I can't believe the holiday is already over. Time went by too quickly!
 Ik kan niet geloven dat de vakantie alweer voorbij is. De tijd verstrijkt zo snel!
go by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." (move past)voorbijgaan, passeren onoverg.ww
 The crowd watched as the parade went by.
go by [sth] vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S] informal (use as guide)vertrouwen op ww + vz
  (informeel)afgaan op ww+vz
 Going by the map, the hotel should be on the corner of the next street on the right.
go by [sth] vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S] (use for transport)gaan met ww + vz
 Steve went by train to Oxford.
go by [sth] vi + prep (be known as)luisteren naar ww + vz
  genoemd worden bw+ww
 The criminal goes by the nickname of 'The Black Cat'.
 De crimineel luistert naar de naam 'The Black Cat'.
go by [sth/sb] vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S] (move past)voorbijgaan, passeren overg.ww
 The funeral procession went by the town hall.
hang by a thread v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (dangle)aan een draadje hangen onoverg.uitdr.
Opmerking: Often used in continuous tenses
 The Emergency Room doctor told me that my fingertip was hanging by a thread.
hang by a thread v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." figurative (be precarious) (figuurlijk)aan een zijden draadje hangen onoverg.uitdr.
Opmerking: Often used in continuous tenses
 Sam's life hung by a thread as he struggled to come out of a coma.
happen by chance v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (be lucky or coincidental)per toeval gebeuren frase
 We weren't trying to get pregnant; it happened by chance.
 We probeerden niet om zwakker te raken, het gebeurde per toeval.
honor [sb] by doing [sth] (US),
honour [sb] by doing [sth] (UK)
v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
(treat with honour)eren overg.ww
 The army honoured the officer by giving him a special medal for bravery.
inch by inch advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." figuratively (gradually) (figuurlijk)voetje voor voetje bw
 He moved along the wall inch by inch, afraid of falling off.
 Hij stapte voetje voor voetje op de muur, bang dat hij zou vallen.
inflamed (by [sth]) adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (infected, swollen)ontstoken bn
  geïnfecteerd bn
 My grandmother has arthritis and her joints are inflamed.
inflamed (by [sth/sb]) adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." figurative (exacerbated)verergerd, versterkt volt.deelw als bn
 The situation was inflamed by the politician's careless remarks.
inflamed (by [sth]) adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." figurative (emotion: roused) (figuurlijk)aangewakkerd bn
 Her jealousy was inflamed by his friendship with her sister.
know by heart vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (have memorized)uit het hoofd kennen, uit het hoofd weten frase
 The students had to know the poem by heart.
know by heart vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." informal (be completely familiar with) (figuurlijk, inf.)iets als zijn broekzak kennen, blind de weg weten frase
 I never get lost in this neighborhood; I know it by heart.
learn by doing v (train while on the job)al doende leren frase
little by little advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (gradually, a bit at a time)beetje bij beetje, langzaam maar zeker frase
 Add the sugar little by little and your meringue will be perfect. He became better at tennis little by little.
lower yourself by doing [sth] vtr + refltransitive verb and reflexive pronoun: Transitive verb with reflexive pronoun--for example, "Enjoy yourself." "They behaved themselves." (do [sth] undignified)zich verlagen wk. ww
 Don't lower yourself by responding to his insults.
lower yourself by doing [sth] vtr + refltransitive verb and reflexive pronoun: Transitive verb with reflexive pronoun--for example, "Enjoy yourself." "They behaved themselves." (humble yourself)zich verlagen wk. ww
  zich vernederen wk. ww
 The Duchess lowered herself by marrying a commoner.
moved by [sth] adj + prep (emotionally affected)ontroer door, bewogen door, aangedaan door bn + vz
 I was so moved by the music, I felt like crying.
multiply [sth] by [sth] vtr + prep (times by a number)vermenigvuldigen met overg. ww + vz
 Multiply the figure in column A by 20.
nature,
by nature
nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
(characteristics, essence)natuur nw de
  aard nw de
 Lions are wild by nature, and there is little you can do to tame them.
not by any means advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in no way, by no method)geenszins bw
  onder geen enkel beding frase
 I will not by any means allow you to borrow my car.
of necessity,
also US: by necessity
advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
(unavoidably)noodzakelijkerwijs bw
  gedwongen bw
 By necessity, we eat a lot of beans and very little steak.
pass by [sth],
pass [sth] by,
pass by [sb],
pass [sb] by
vtr phrasal sepphrasal verb, transitive, separable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, divisible--for example, "call off" [=cancel], "call the game off," "call off the game."
(disregard, ignore)buiten beschouwing laten frase
 The shoppers passed by the tomatoes even though they were reduced in price.
pass by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." (go past)voorbijgaan, voorbijlopen onoverg.ww
 When Emily was sick, she sat near the window and waved at everyone who passed by.
pass by vtr phrasal sepphrasal verb, transitive, separable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, divisible--for example, "call off" [=cancel], "call the game off," "call off the game." (disregard, ignore)mijden, veronachtzamen overg.ww
pass by vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S] (go unnoticed or ignored by)voorbijgaan aan ww + vz
play by ear vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." figurative (improvise)improviseren overg.ww
 What will we do tomorrow? Let's play it by ear.
play by ear vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." literal (music: not follow a score) (muziek)op het gehoor spelen frase
 I read music well, but I have a hard time playing by ear. He's amazing, he never learned to read music, he just plays by ear.
profit by [sth] vi + prep figurative (gain advantage, benefit)ergens je voordeel mee doen, voordeel halen uit overg.uitdr.
 You won't profit by being rude to your teachers.
profit by vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S] (gain advantage from)baat hebben bij frase
 We can all profit by being patient.
profit by vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S] (make money from)profijt trekken uit frase
roar by,
roar past
vi + adv
figurative (vehicle: go past noisily)voorbijrazen onoverg.ww
 The traffic on the motorway roared by.
slip,
slip by
viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived."
(time)vliegen onoverg.ww
  voorbijglijden onoverg.ww
 Once you have children, the years just slip by.
stand by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." (be ready and waiting)gereed staan, klaar staan bn + ww
 I'll be standing by to catch you if you fall.
stand by [sb] vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S] (help or support)bijstaan overg.ww
 The politician's wife stood by him when he was accused of misusing public funds.
stop by vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up." informal (visit)langskomen onoverg.ww
 I was in the neighborhood so I just thought I would stop by and visit for awhile.
stop by [sth] vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S] informal (visit)langsgaan bij ww + vz
 Could you stop by the drugstore for me on your way home?
stricken with [sth],
stricken by [sth]
adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house."
figurative (affected: by panic, grief) (figuurlijk)geslagen bn
  diepbedroefd bn
 Stricken with grief, the women wailed and shook their heads.
sweeten [sth] by doing [sth] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." figurative (make more enticing)veraangenamen overg. ww
  verlichten overg. ww
 The company sweetened the job offer by promising five weeks of paid vacation.
tainted by [sth] adj + prep figurative (experience: spoiled by [sth](ervaring)verpest bn
 Het feest werd verpest door een enorme hagelbui.
take [sth/sb] by storm v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (attack and conquer)stormenderhand veroveren uitdr.
take [sth/sb] by storm v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." figurative (be a sudden success) (figuurlijk)veroveren overg.ww
  razend populair zijn onoverg.uitdr.
take the bull by the horns v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." figurative (tackle a task bravely) (figuurlijk)de koe bij de horens vatten frase
 Matthew's going to take the bull by the horns tomorrow and ask Louise to marry him.
totally absorbed (by [sth]) adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (soaked up)helemaal opgenomen bw + bn
 The spilled water was totally absorbed.
uncolored by [sth] (US),
uncoloured (UK)
adj + prep
figurative (not influenced)objectief, onpartijdig bn
  onbevooroordeeld bn
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