by

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 [ˈbaɪ]


WordReference English-Polish Dictionary © 2019:

Główne tłumaczenia
AngielskiPolski
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (author, creator) (utwór, książka)napisany przez przym. + przyim.
  (dzieło)stworzony przez, wykonany przez przym. + przyim.
  autorstwo n
 Hamlet is a play by Shakespeare.
 Hamlet jest sztuką napisaną przez Szekspira.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (agent in passives)przez przyim.
 The tree was cut down by his neighbour.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (close: around)obok, przy przyim.
 There's a drinking fountain by the tennis court.
 Obok kortów tenisowych jest kran z wodą pitną.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (close: past)obok przyim.
 We always walk by the post office on the way to work.
 Zawsze przechodzimy obok poczty w drodze do pracy.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (close: distance measure)o przyim.
 The ball missed the window by a metre.
 Piłka minęła okno o metr.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (close: beside, near to)obok, przy przyim.
 The keys are by the door over there.
 Klucze są tam, przy drzwiach.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (via: using a route)przez przyim.
 I usually go by New York when I fly to Europe.
 Kiedy latam do Europy, to przeważnie latam przez Nowy Jork.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (time: not later than)do przyim.
 You must have the report done by Monday.
 Musisz skończyć sprawozdanie do poniedziałku.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (via: using the means of) (wyrażane narzędnikiem)- -
 Should we go by car or by taxi?
 Powinniśmy jechać samochodem czy taksówką?
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (according to)z przyim.
 I know him by his first name.
 Znam go tylko z imienia.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (unit of measure)za przyim.
 She bought eggs by the dozen.
 Płacą nam za godzinę.
 
Dodatkowe Tłumaczenia
AngielskiPolski
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (during)w ciągu przyim. + m
  za przyim.
 The street is noisy by day but very quiet by night.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (with the authority of)z przyim.
 By the authority vested in me, I proclaim you husband and wife.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (in conformity with)zgodnie przys.
 He does everything by the book.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (on the basis of)przez przyim.
 They met by chance.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (after, serially)z czegoś na coś wyr.
  po przyim.
 Things got more tense minute by minute. They walked down the road two by two.
 Sytuacja robiła się coraz bardziej napięta z minuty na minutę.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (multiplied by, times)razy m, l.mn.
 Two by four is eight.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (horse: sired by)po przyim.
 Screaming Thunder, by Screaming Eagle, won the Preakness.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (describing compass points) (Brak bezpośredniego odpowiednika.)-
 Head north by northeast.
 Weź kurs na północ północny wschód.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (indicating means) (wyrażony przez rzecz. odczasownikowy)- -
  dzięki przyim.
  poprzez przyim.
 By finishing her homework early, she was able to join her friends.
 Wczesne skończenie pracy domowej pozwoliło jej dołączyć do jej kolegów.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (accompanying conditions)przy przyim.
 We love to eat by candlelight.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (indicating dimensions)na przyim.
 The board should measure 2 by 4 feet.
by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (margin)o przyim.
 CO2 emissions have reduced by 5% over the past three years. Jeff is older than Carl by eight months.
  Brakuje czegoś ważnego? Zgłoś błąd lub zasugeruj ulepszenie.

WordReference English-Polish Dictionary © 2019:

Formy złożone:
AngielskiPolski
abide by [sth] vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S] (obey)przestrzegać czegoś ndk.
 Cathy decided to abide by the rules.
absorbed by adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." figurative (person: engrossed in)zaabsorbowany przym.
 He was so absorbed by the experiment he was running that he got locked in the lab overnight.
along by preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." UK (along the length of, next to)wzdłuż przys.
baffled by [sth] adj + prep (confused, mystified)zdumiony, skonsternowany przym.
 The police detective was baffled by the strange circumstances of the murder.
baptism by fire nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (difficult first experience, initiation)chrzest bojowy m + przym.
 My first day as a math teacher was a baptism of fire. The pupils just wouldn't keep quiet !
baptism by fire,
baptism of fire
nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
figurative (soldier: first combat)chrzest bojowy m + przym.
 Bullets were flying all around and people were dying; it was truly a baptism by fire.
be bogged down in/by [sth] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." figurative (encumbered or oppressed)tłumaczenie niedostępne
 The lawyer was bogged down in paper work.
be followed by vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (precede, come before)tłumaczenie niedostępne
 The calm is always followed by the storm.
be hosted by vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (be compared by)tłumaczenie niedostępne
be led by vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (be guided by)być prowadzonym przez zwrot posił.
 I will be led by my doctor's advice.
be led by vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (be managed by)być zarządzanym przez zwrot posił.
 The research project was led by a university professor.
be powered by [sth] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (run or function on)być napędzanym posił. + przym.
 Most cars are powered by petrol.
be written by [sb] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (have as author)być napisanym przez zwrot posił.
 The story "The Pit and the Pendulum" was written by Edgar Allan Poe.
be beset by [sth] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." (surrounded by)być osaczonym przez coś zwrot ndk.
be beset by [sth] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end." figurative (assailed: by difficulties, doubts, etc.) (wątpliwości)ogarniać kogoś ndk.
  ogarnąć kogoś dk.
  (problemy)nękać kogoś ndk.
 Joan was suddenly beset by doubts as to her brother's motives.
 Joan ogarnęły nagle wątpliwości co do motywów jej brata.
bit by bit advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." informal (gradually)stopniowo przys.
  krok po kroku wyr.
blow by viintransitive verb: Verb not taking a direct object--for example, "She jokes." "He has arrived." (be swept past by the wind)przelatywać ndk.
  przelecieć dk.
 A paper bag blew by me on a windy day.
blow-by-blow adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." informal (account: detailed)krok po kroku wyr.
 The eyewitness gave a blow-by-blow description of the horrific event.
bothered by [sth] adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." (concerned, troubled)zaniepokojony czymś przym.
  zmartwiony czymś przym.
  przejęty czymś przym.
 I am bothered by the way he treats my daughter.
by a great deal advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by a large amount or extent)poważnie, ogromnie przys.
  znacznie przys.
 The Indian Ocean is smaller than the Pacific Ocean by a great deal.
by a hair advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by a very slight margin, only just)o włos przym. + m
 The truck missed the cyclist by a hair.
by a hair's breadth advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by the slightest margin)o włos przyim. + m
 The horse won by a hair's breadth.
by a majority advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by most people, by more than half)większością ż
 They were able to pass their laws by a majority vote of 51 to 49.
by a narrow margin advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by a very small number or amount)wąskim marginesem przym. + m
 He was elected president by a narrow margin.
by a show of hands advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (with an impromptu vote)głosowanie n
 Our class decided to continue reading the novel by a show of hands.
by accident advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (mistakenly, not intentionally)przez przypadek przym. + m
 I spilt some coffee on the carpet by accident.
by airmail advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (postal delivery: via plane)pocztą lotniczą ż + przym.
 All letters from the U.S. to Africa go by airmail these days; surface mail isn't available.
by all accounts advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (according to everyone)według wszystkich przyim. + zaim.
  w opinii ogółu wyr.
by all means advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (of course, certainly)jak najbardziej przyim. + przys.
 "Can I borrow your pen for a moment?" "By all means!"
by and by advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in a while)za chwilę przyim. + ż
by and by advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (eventually)po chwili przyim. + ż
 Be patient! I'll get around to it by and by.
by and large advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in general, on the whole)w zasadzie przyim. + ż
 Not everything about my job is good, but by and large, I enjoy it.
by any chance advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (possibly)przypadkiem, możliwie przys.
 Would you by any chance be able to lend me $10?
by any means advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in any way, via any method)w jakikolwiek sposób wyr.
by birth advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (through one's family)z urodzenia przyim. + n
 The U.S. Constitution requires the president to be American by birth, not a naturalized citizen.
by birth advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (through natural talent)urodzony przym.
 He was an artist by birth.
 Był urodzonym artystą.
by car advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (via motor vehicle)samochodem m
 By car, you could get from Lansing to Detroit in about two hours.
by chance advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (coincidentally)przypadkiem m
  przypadkowo przys.
 I met my French teacher by chance in the supermarket.
by choice advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (willingly, of one's free will)z wyboru przyim. + m
 I did not exactly retire by choice.
by command advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by giving orders)z rozkazu przyim. + m
by common consent advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (with everyone's agreement)za wspólną zgodą wyr.
by comparison advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (when compared)w porównaniu przyim. + n
by comparison with exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own." (compared with, relative to)w porównaniu z wyr.
by consensus advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by general agreement)zgodą powszechną ż + przym.
 Quakers make their decisions by consensus, not by compromise.
by contrast advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (on the other hand)w przeciwieństwie przyim. + n
 I'm always late but you, by contrast, are always on time.
by default advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in the absence of alternatives)automatycznie przys.
  (wygrać)walkowerem m
  (wyrok)zaoczny przym.
 When his opponent pulled out of the match, he won by default.
by dint of [sth] preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." dated (by means of: work, effort)przez, dzięki przyim.
 By dint of brilliant organization, we were able to depart on time.
by doing advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." informal (by practising, on the job)przez czynienie przyim. + n
 I've never been great at tests and exams: learn best by doing.
by extension advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in a more general sense)generalnie przys.
 Calling me a dumb blonde insults me and, by extension, insults all women with blonde hair.
by far advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by a large margin)zdecydowanie przys.
 The U.S. is, by far, the largest producer of corn in the world.
by foot,
on foot
advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
(on foot, walking)pieszo przys.
 Most people drove but a few arrived by foot.
by force advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (using physical strength, violence)siłą ż
  na siłę przyim. + ż
 Soldiers generally operate by force.
by freight advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (via cargo transport)przewozem towarowym m + przym.
by half advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (by 50 per cent)o połowę przyim. + ż
 Since I retired my income is down by half.
by half advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." informal (by a great deal)o spory kawał wyr.
by hand advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (manually, not by machine)ręcznie przys.
 You can see that these tools were made by hand.
by heart advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (from memory)na pamięć przyim. + ż
  z pamięci przyim. + ż
 I learnt the sonnet by heart.
by installments (US),
by instalments (UK)
advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
(a bit at a time)na raty przyim. + ż, l.mn.
 I'm paying for my saxophone by installments of $50 each month.
by instinct advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (intuitively)instynktownie przys.
 I knew by instinct that she was lying, but I didn't say anything.
by intuition advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (instinctively)intuicyjnie przys.
 I knew by intuition that he was a good person.
by itself advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (on its own)samo zaim.
 I think I'll wear this dress by itself, without its matching jacket.
By Jove! interjinterjection: Exclamation--for example, "Oh no!" "Wow!" dated (amazement)na Jowisza przym. + m
 By Jove! I thought I'd never see you again.
by land advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (via land transport)lądem m
 We can either take the ferry across Lake Michigan, or go by land via Chicago.
by law advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (legally)prawnie przys.
 By law, in England the minimum age for buying alcholic beverages is eighteen.
by mail advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (via postal service)pocztą ż
 It seems like sending a letter by mail is a sweet old-fashioned thing to do.
by mail advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." informal (via e-mail)pocztą elektroniczną ż + przym.
by marriage advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (through the family of one's spouse)przez małżeństwo przyim. + n
 He is my uncle by marriage, certainly not by choice.
by means of preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (via)poprzez, przez przyim.
by mistake advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (accidentally, not on purpose)przez pomyłkę przyim. + ż
 By mistake, I gave him your phone number instead of mine!
by night advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (at night-time)nocą ż
 The solders staged a surprise attack by night.
by no means advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (not at all, not in any way)w żaden sposób wyr.
 This handbag costs £300, but it's by no means the most expensive one in the shop.
by now advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (at some point before this moment)do teraz
 My guests should have been here by now, dinner is getting cold.
by post advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (through the mail)pocztą ż
 Can you either fax it to me or send it by post?
by rail advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (via train)pociągiem m
 Freight is moved either by truck or by rail.
by reason of preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (because of)z powodu przyim. + m
 Sarah was found innocent by reason of insanity.
by reflex advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (instinctively)odruchowo przys.
 If you see something flying toward your face, your eyes usually shut by reflex.
by request advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (in response to a request)na życzenie przyim. + n
 By popular request, Susan sang an encore.
by sea advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (via boat or ship)drogą morską ż + przym.
 I hate travelling by sea because I get seasick easily.
by sight advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (visually)z widzenia przyim. + n
 I don't know him personally, only by sight.
by telephone advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." slightly formal (by means of a phone call)telefonicznie przys.
 I've tried reaching him by telephone, but since no one picks up, I'm going over there to see him.
by that time advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (before or at a given period in the past)do tego czasu wyr.
by that time advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (before or at a given period in the future)do tego czasu wyr.
 Where will you be in 50 years? By that time, I will be an old man!
by the book advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." figurative (according to rules)według przepisów przys. + m, l.mn.
 My boss likes to do things by the book.
by the by,
by the bye
advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
(by the way)przy okazji przyim. + ż
  a propos przys.
 What result, by the by, did you get in the exam?
by the by,
by the bye
adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house."
informal (incidental) (potoczny)tylko tak przy okazji wyr.
 The choir's robes are by the by; it's their singing that we have come for.
by the dozen advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (12 at a time)na tuziny przyim. + m, l.mn.
 Usually, I buy cookies by the dozen so I can share them with my friends.
by the end advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (before the final moment)przed końcem przyim. + m
 By the end of the first chapter, I could guess the solution to the mystery. I'm usually exhausted by the end of the day.
by the same token exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own." (similarly)tym samym part. + zaim.
by the side of preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (beside, next to)obok przys.
 Our fishing camp is built by the side of the lake.
by the time advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (at some point before)do czasu przyim. + m
 You better have your chores done by the time I get home or you're in big trouble. The traffic was so bad that by the time I got to the office I was 20 minutes late.
by the way advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (incidentally)przy okazji przyim. + ż
  a propos
 By the way, have you seen this before?
by then advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (sometime before a future point)do tego czasu wyr.
 By then it will be too late. The party starts at 7:00? That's okay – I should be ready by then.
by this time advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (at some point before this moment)o tej porze wyr.
 I would normally be in bed by this time. By this time, you should have finished studying for the exam.
by train advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (travel or transport: on a train)pociągiem m
 The easiest way to get there is by train.
by twos,
in twos
advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
(2 at a time)po dwa przyim. + licz.
  dwójkami przys.
 Noah brought the animals into the ark by twos.
by twos,
in twos
advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
(counting: alternate numbers)co dwa zaim. + licz.
by virtue of preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (because of)przez przyim.
 By virtue of your mere presence, the theater's attendance doubled.
by water advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down." (via boat or ship)drogą wodną ż + przym.
 Last summer I went to Australia by water.
by way of [sth] preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (going through)przez, poprzez przyim.
 She flew from Khartoum to Kathmandu by way of Dubai.
by way of [sth] preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours." (by means of)drogą ż
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