down

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 /daʊn/

WordReference English-Chinese Dictionary © 2014:

主要翻译
down adv (from higher to lower)向下,往下 adv
xiàng xià, wǎng xià
 He climbed down from the tree.
 他从树上爬了下来。
down adj (lower)降低的,下跌的,减少的,减弱的 adj
jiàng dī de , xià diē de , jiǎn shǎo de , jiǎn ruò de
 The price of oil is down this week.
 这个星期油价降了。
down n (plumage)羽毛,羽绒 n
yǔ máo, yǔ róng
 These pillows are filled with goose down.
 这些枕头里填的是鹅绒。
 
其他翻译
down adj (sick)生病的,不舒服的 adj
 She's down with the flu at the moment.
down adj (reduced level) 水平面等下降了的,降低了的 adj
 The water level is down. We should add some more.
down adj (initial payment)首付的 adj
 They put a considerable down payment on their house.
down adj (subdued)不工作的,闲暇的 adj
 I need a little down time this weekend.
down adj (depressed)心情抑郁的 adj
 I've been feeling down all week.
down adj (low)情绪低落的 adj
 I feel a little down, but I'll be alright.
down adj (to the south)南下的,向南的 adj
 They're down on the south coast all week.
down adj (American football: stopped) 橄榄球术语被阻截的 adj
 The referee declared the ball down.
down adj (sports: behind in score) 体育比赛术语比分落后的 adj
 The Danish team is down ten points.
down adj UK (trains: away from capital) 英国用法,指火车驶离首都的 adj
 The down train leaves from this platform.
down adj (not working,, out of order)停止运行的,出故障的 adj
 The server's down. You'll have to try again later.
down adj (learned)完全掌握了的 adj
 Have you got your lines down for the school play yet?.
down adj (gambling: with losses) 赌博输钱的 adj
 I'm down three hundred dollars.
down adj (finished)做完的,完成的 adj
 We've got three reports down, one to go!
down adv (on the bottom)在底部,在尽头 adv
 There's a house down there in the valley.
down adv (away from here)离开此处 adv
 Are you coming down to the pub with us?
down adv (written)(写)下,(记)下 adv
 Have you got that down yet?
down adv (sitting or lying)坐下,躺下 adv
 I put her down for her nap.
down adv (southward)向南,往南 adv
 We're going down to Italy for our holidays this year.
down adv (to lower value)价值变低 adv
 Prices have come down in recent weeks.
down adv (reduced volume)音量由大到小地 adv
 We've got our luggage down to one suitcase each.
down adv (less active)由活跃到不活跃,由强到弱 adv
 Things calmed down after a week or two.
down adv (time: earlier to later) 时间从以前往后 adv
 Language changes down through the ages.
down adv (to lesser strength)变弱,变淡 adv
 The beer tastes watered down.
down adv (cash payment)现金支付 adv
 How much money can you put down?
down adv (energetically applied)认真地 adv
 Let's get down to business.
down adv (into submission)屈服地 adv
 He shouted down his opponent.
down adv (fixed state)处于被固定的状态 adv
 The antenna was tied down with ropes.
down adv (to the source)溯源 adv
 He tracked down his natural father.
down adv (ill)身体处于不健康状况 adv
 She's come down with the flu.
down adv (suppressed)被抑制,被压制 adv
 He choked down his emotions.
down adv (along)顺着,沿着 adv
 She walked down the road.
down interj (to animal: stop!) 对动物发出的口令坐下! interj
 Down, boy! Get back to your kennel.
down n (soft hair)软毛,绒毛 n
 He was sixteen and had down on his chin.
down n (botany) 植物绒毛 n
 Peaches have a layer of down on their skin.
down, downs n UK (rolling country) 英国用法延绵起伏的山丘 n
 Sheep were grazing on the downs.
down prep (away)离开,离去 prep
 They walked down the mountain.
down vi (fall)降下 vi
 The road ups and downs all the way to the sea.
down vtr (drink)喝下 vtr
 He downed his beer and left.
down vtr (shoot from the sky)击落,打落 vtr
 They downed a helicopter with just a rifle.
down vtr (subdue)打倒,击倒 vtr
 That wrestler could down anyone in thirty seconds.
down vtr (eat)吃下 vtr
 He downed three hamburgers in just two minutes.
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WordReference English-Chinese Dictionary © 2014:

复合形式:
back down vi (give in, yield)放弃,退让 vi
 Despite the evidence, he refused to back down.
be down vi informal (be sad or depressed)心情低落,情绪低落 vi
 She's been a bit down and out after the break-up, but that's to be expected.
be down to vtr informal (be determined by)由…所决定 vtr
be down to vtr informal (depend on)取决于… vtr
 Whether he goes free or not, It's down to the judge's decision.
be down to vtr (have remaining only)没有提供翻译 vtr
 We're down to the last of the coffee, so could you buy some more while you're out?
bear down vi (push downwards)没有提供翻译
 If you bear down on the pen, the carbon copies will be clearer.
bear down on 强调
qiáng diào
 用力压在…上,加压力于
yòng lì yā zài … shàng , jiā yā lì yú
beat down vi (sun: shine brightly and hot) 太阳火辣辣地照射 vi
beat down vi (rain: pour heavily) 倾盆而下 vi
 The rain beat down so hard on the apple tree that in the morning half of the apples were on the ground.
beat down vtr (negotiate a lower price from [sb])杀价,还价,砍价 vtr
beat [sb] down 打倒,镇压
dǎ dǎo , zhèn yā
bed down 准备住处
zhǔn bèi zhù chù
bend down vi (lean over)弯腰,屈身 vi
 The mother bent down to tie the child's shoe laces.
blow down vi (wind: knock over)刮倒,吹倒 vi
 The wind blew down our swing set and shade umbrella.
blow me down interj informal (expressing amazement) 非正式用语,表示惊讶的感叹语太惊人了!太厉害了! interj
 Well, blow me down! You won the lottery!
bog down vtr informal (mire, make slow or stuck) 非正式用语使…止步不前,使…陷入泥潭 vtr
 The jeep got bogged down in a huge mud puddle.
bogged down adj figurative (encumbered or oppressed) 比喻被阻碍的 adj
 The lawyer was bogged down in paper work.
boil down vtr literal (reduce by heating) 本义把 ... 煮稠,把…浓缩 vtr
 The cook boiled down the drippings to a rich gravy.
boil down vi literal (be reduced by heating) 本义浓缩 vi
 After the stew has boiled down for a few hours it should be thick enough to serve.
boil down vi figurative (be essentially) 比喻精简,压缩 vi
 When you boil it all down, you have two choices: In or out.
boil down to vtr figurative, informal (be essentially) 比喻,非正式用语把…归结为,总结…为 vtr
 What it all boils down to is that your second marriage is invalid because you are not divorced from your first wife.
boil down to vtr (liquid: be reduced to by boiling)浓缩,熬浓 vtr
 Heat the water until it boils down to a volume of about 1ml.
bolt down vtr (secure with a bolt)用螺栓拧紧 vtr
 Bolt down that metal plate so that it doesn't vibrate.
bolt down vtr US slang (to eat [sth] very quickly) 美国俚语狼吞虎咽 vtr
láng tūn hǔ yàn
 Jerry was late for class, so he bolted down his breakfast.
bow down 鞠躬
jū gōng
 服从,顺从
fú cóng , shùn cóng
bow down before vtr literal (bow in extreme deference to) 本义向…鞠躬 vtr
 It is customary to bow down before the Emperor of Japan.
bow down before vtr figurative (show deference to) 比喻对…表示敬意 vtr
 He is so arrogant, the thinks everyone should bow down before him.
break down 压垮,压倒
yā kuǎ, yā dǎo
 坏掉,发生故障
huài diào, fā shēng gù zhàng
 使分解
shǐ fēn jiě
 分成若干部分,把…分类
fēn chéng ruò gān bù fèn , bǎ … fēn lèi
break down and cry 崩溃而哭
bēng kuì ér kū
breaking down n (disintegration)破裂 n
pò liè
bring down vtr (cause the demise of )打倒,击败 vtr
bring down vtr US slang dated (make [sb] sad or depressed) 美国用法,俚语,过时挫伤…,使沮丧 vtr
 If you keep criticizing Michael, you'll just bring him down.
bring [sth] down v (destroy, cause to fail)打倒,击败 v
broken down, broken-down adj (dilapidated)被损坏的,拆毁的,坍塌的 adj
Note: hyphen used when term is an adj before a noun 短语用于名词前作形容词时需用连字符连接
 20 years ago it was a great car - now it's broken down and hardly works at all.
buckle down vtr informal, literal (fasten, secure in place) 非正式用语,本义用搭扣扣紧 vtr
 Will you please buckle down the car seat so it doesn't move around?
buckle down vi informal, figurative (set to work, get working) 非正式用语,比喻开始认真工作 vi
 I've got to buckle down and finish planting the vegetable seeds.
buckle down vi informal, figurative (work diligently) 非正式用语,比喻全力以赴 vi
quán lì yǐ fù
 I have to buckle down and finish this term paper.
burn down (火势)减弱
( huǒ shì ) jiǎn ruò
 烧毁,被焚毁
shāo huǐ, bèi fén huǐ
button-down shirt 领尖用领扣系上的衬衫
lǐng jiān yòng lǐng kòu jì shàng de chèn shān
buttoned-down, button-down adj (shirt: with collar buttons) 衬衫有衣领扣的 adj
buttoned-down, button-down adj (shirt collar: with buttons) 衬衫领有扣的 adj
buttoned-down, button-down adj informal (conservative, conventional) 非正式用法保守的,守旧的 adj
 The new boss seems more buttoned-down than the old one.
calm down vi (become calmer)平静下来,镇静下来 vi
 Calm down! The matter has been resolved.
calm down vtr (cause to become calmer)使平静,使镇静,使安静 vtr
 She gave the baby a bottle to calm him down.
chop down vtr (fell, cut down: a tree) 砍倒树砍倒 vtr
 Pioneers would chop down trees to build their homes.
clamp down vi (enforce stricter measures)严厉压制,严厉打击 vi
 The city is clamping down on gang violence.
climb down vtr + vi literal (descend using arms and legs) 本义爬下来 vtr + vi
 If the cat climbed up the tree I'm sure he can climb down.
climb down vi UK figurative (accept defeat, retreat from earlier position) 英国用法,比喻屈服,妥协,认输 vi
 The enemy climbed down from their position minutes before the bombs were launched.
close down, closedown vi (business: cease trading)停业 vi
tíng yè
Note: single-word form used when term is a noun 短语作名词时用不含连字符的复合词形式
 When the doctor was killed they had to close down the clinic.
close down, closedown vtr (cause business to cease operating)使停业 vtr
 The Women's Anti-Exploitation League vowed to close down the porno shop.
closed down adj (gone out of business)停止营业的,关门的 adj
come down vi + vtr (dismount, descend)下(车),下来 vi + vtr
 Go upstairs and tell your sister to come down for dinner.
come down vi (structure; collapse)坍塌,倒塌 vi
 After the wrecking ball hit the side of the building it came down quickly.
come down vi slang (cease to feel psychological effects of drug) 俚语药力下降 vi
 That weed was so good that it took me 3 hours to finally come down.
come down n slang (loss of status) 俚语失去社会地位 n
 It was a real come down when the merger cost him his vice presidency.
come down in price 价格下跌
jià gé xià diē
come down on vtr figurative, informal (reprimand or punish severely) 比喻,非正式用语斥责,呵斥 vtr
 惩罚,处罚 vtr
come down on vtr literal (fall on, collapse on top of) 本义落到,降落到,掉到 vtr
 When I lost the job I felt like the roof had come down on me.
come down to earth 回到现实中来
huí dào xiàn shí zhōng lái
come down with vtr figurative, informal (fall ill with, get sick with) 比喻,非正式用语染上…病,患…病 vtr
 I've just come down with a cold.
cool down 冷却下来
lěng què xià lái
 冷静下来,平静下来
lěng jìng xià lái, píng jìng xià lái
count down vtr (prepare for or anticipate [sth])为…作最后的准备 vtr
count down vi (count backwards to zero)倒计时,倒计数 vi
crack down vi (enforce laws more strictly)镇压 vi
zhèn yā
 The city will begin to crack down on speeding this month, so obey the speed limit while driving.
crack down on (对…)采取严厉措施,制裁
(对…)采取严厉措施, zhì cái
 镇压
zhèn yā
crash down vi (collapse, fall)倒下,坠落 vi
 After they detonated the explosives, the old bridge crashed down into the ravine.
crouch down vi (squat, hunker)蹲下 vi
dūn xià
 I crouched down to hide behind the low wall.
cut down 削减,减少
xuē jiǎn, jiǎn shǎo
 缩小,缩短
suō xiǎo, suō duǎn
cut down on vtr informal (reduce) 非正式用语削减,减少,降低 vtr
 The doctor told me my heart was in poor condition and that I must cut down on fatty foods, alcohol and smoking.
deep down 发自内心的,内心深处的
fā zì nèi xīn de , nèi xīn shēn chù de
deep down in his heart adv (his conscience)在他的内心深处 adv
 The governor said the affair was not immoral, but deep down in his heart, he knew it was wrong.
die down 逐渐变弱
zhú jiàn biàn ruò
down and out adj (homeless, destitute)落魄的,潦倒的 adj
 When we met Rick again some years later, he was down and out and thus not able to help us.
down and out n (homeless, destitute person)落魄潦倒的人 n
down below 到下面,到下边
dào xià miàn, dào xià biān
down market, downmarket, down-market adj (for low-income consumers)低消费市场 adj
 She found it humiliating to have to buy downmarket products when she was used to luxury goods.
down payment, downpayment n (deposit, partial payment)预付订金,(分期付款的)首付 n
 To start with we are just putting a down payment on the car.
down right, downright adj (thorough, utter)彻底的,完全的 adj
down south adv (in the south of a given country)南下 adv
nán xià
down South 南下,去南方
nán xià, qù nán fāng
Down syndrome, Down's syndrome n US (chromosome abnormality) 美国用法唐氏综合征 n
 People with Down syndrome tend to have a lot of health problems.
down the drain adv figurative (to waste) 比喻浪费掉,挥霍掉
 Many people who invested in the scheme saw their entire life savings go down the drain.
down the hatch 走下船舱口,消失在舱口下
zǒu xià chuán cāng kǒu, xiāo shī zài cāng kǒu xià
down the line adv figurative, informal (in the future) 比喻,非正式用语今后,以后 adv
down the line adv (to the next person or people)接下来的人 adv
down the road adv figurative, informal (in the future) 比喻,非正式用语将来,今后 adv
 We're planning to have kids somewhere down the road, maybe in five years or so.
down the road adv literal (further along the street) 本义马路那头 adv
 This is number 17 Main Street; number 25's down the road in that direction.
down the road adv literal (along the street) 本义沿路,沿途 adv
down time n (break, inactive period)停机时间,故障时间 n
 His job's so demanding these days that he hardly has any down time at all.
down to earth, down-to-earth adj (sensible, pragmatic)务实的 adj
wù shí de
Note: hyphen used when term is adj before a noun 短语用于名词前作形容词时需用连字符连接
 Marilyn is a very down-to-earth person, she will be a great asset in the coming crisis.
down to earth, down-to-earth adv (to reality or realisation)现实地 adv
xiàn shí de
 Telling my wife that I was broke brought her quickly back down to earth and stopped her spending sprees.
down under adv (in or to Australia, New Zealand)去(在)澳大利亚或新西兰 adv
 I'm going down under to start a new life.
Down's syndrome, Down syndrome n UK (chromosome abnormality) 英国用法唐氏综合征 n
 My brother was born with Down's syndrome.
drag down 使感到沮丧或不适
shǐ gǎn dào jǔ sàng huò bú shì
dress down vi (wear casual clothes)因某些场合的需要而穿得朴素些,穿得比平时随便 vi
 We can dress down tonight because the wedding is going to be very informal.
dress down vtr US informal (scold, belittle) 美国用法,非正式用语责骂, 斥责 vtr
 My boss dressed me down for being rude to the client.
dressing down 痛骂,厉声呵斥
tòng mà, lì shēng hē chì
drive down vtr (force to decrease)压低 vtr
 The current economic crisis will drive down house prices.
drop down, drop-down vi (computer menu: be displayed)下拉 vi
Note: hyphen used when term is adj before a noun 短语用于名词前作形容词时需用连字符连接
 All of my on-line dictionaries are on a drop-down menu.
dumb down vtr informal (present in less educated way) 非正式用语把…简单化 vtr
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