encima

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WordReference English-Spanish Dictionary © 2019:

Principal Translations
SpanishEnglish
encima advadverbio: Describe al verbo, al adjetivo o a otro adverbio ("corre rápidamente", "sucede ahora", "muy extraño"). (sobre)on preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
  on top of preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
  (not touching)over preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
  (not touching)above preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
 La bandeja está encima de la mesa.
 The tray is on the table.
encima advadverbio: Describe al verbo, al adjetivo o a otro adverbio ("corre rápidamente", "sucede ahora", "muy extraño"). (además)not even exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  on top of that exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  not only that exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
 En el barco me cobraron veinte euros por una llamada y encima no la hice yo.
 They charged me twenty Euros to make a call from the ship and I didn't even place the call!
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WordReference English-Spanish Dictionary © 2019:

Compound Forms:
SpanishEnglish
caer toda la caballería encima,
caerle toda la caballería encima a alguien
loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo").
figurado (ser objeto de ataques enconados) (figurative)the whole cavalry come after [sb] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
 La última vez que hicimos una propuesta de reforma, nos cayó toda la caballería encima, desde la prensa y desde el congreso.
con una castaña encima loc advlocución adverbial: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como adverbio ("en vilo", "de seguido", "a quemarropa"). ES, coloquial (persona: ebrio, borracho)be drunk vi + adj
  (UK slang)be blotto vi + adj
  (US figurative)be plastered vi + adj
echar toda la caballería encima,
echarle toda la caballería encima a alguien
loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo").
figurado (atacar con encono) (figurative)attack with everything [sb] has v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
 A pesar de que le echaron toda la caballería encima, no cejó en su empeño por reformar la institución.
echar toda la caballería encima,
echarle toda la caballería encima a alguien
loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo").
figurado (lanzar reproches con encono) (figurative)bring on the cavalry v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
 Como se enteren de que no he pasado la noche en casa, me van a echar toda la caballería encima.
echarse encima loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo"). (cargarse con obligación) (obligation)take on vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S]
 No te eches encima tareas que no te corresponden.
 Don't take on work that isn't your responsibility.
echarse encima loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo"). (avecinarse, acercarse)be on its way, be on the way v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
  get closer v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
  move towards [sb] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
 Se está echando encima una tormenta tropical.
 A tropical storm is on its way.
 A tropical storm is getting closer.
 A tropical storm is moving towards us.
echarse encima a loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo"). (ganarse enemistades) (enemy)take on vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S]
 Por criticarla tanto ahora te echaste encima a la jefa.
echarse encima de loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo"). (recriminarle)come down hard on v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
 Siempre se echa encima de su mejor amigo y ahora están bravos.
echarse encima de loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo"). (abalanzarse)jump on vi phrasalphrasal verb, intransitive: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning and not taking direct object--for example, "make up" [=reconcile]: "After they fought, they made up."
 Se echó encima de la cama y rompió una de las tablas.
venírsele el mundo encima a alguien exprexpresión: Expresiones idiomáticas, dichos, refranes y frases hechas de tres o más palabras ("Dios nos libre", "a lo hecho, pecho"). informal (depresión, disgusto)his world fell apart, her world fell apart v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
  his world came tumbling down, her world came tumbling down v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
 Cuando Richard se enteró del fallecimiento de su amigo, el mundo se le vino encima. Cuando mi hijo se entere de que no lo aceptaron en el ejército, se le vendrá el mundo encima.
 When Richard learned of his friend's passing, his world fell apart. When my son learns that he was not accepted into the army, his world will fall apart.
encima de loc preplocución preposicional: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como preposición ("a favor de", "en torno a"). (sobre)on top of preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
  on preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
 Las llaves están encima de mi escritorio.
 The keys are on top of my desk.
 The keys are on my desk.
encima de que loc conjlocución conjuntiva: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como conjunción ("ya que", "a fin de", "ahora que"). (además de)on top of the fact that exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
 Estoy harto: encima de que me mientes, me insultas.
 I am fed up. On top of the fact that you are lying, you are insulting me.
estar encima de loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo"). coloquial (vigilar, cuidar)stand over [sb] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
  be all over [sb] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
 Puedes hacer lo que quieras; yo no voy a estar encima de ti.
estar encima de loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo"). coloquial (acosar, importunar)be on [sb]'s back v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
  be all over [sb] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
 Mi ex está encima de mí; me ha llamado todo el día.
estar encima de loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo"). coloquial (encimarse hasta hartar)be on [sb]'s back v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
  be all over [sb] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
 Déjame tranquila; estoy cansada de que estés encima de mí.
la libertad por encima de todo exprexpresión: Expresiones idiomáticas, dichos, refranes y frases hechas de tres o más palabras ("Dios nos libre", "a lo hecho, pecho"). (independencia ante todo)freedom above all exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
 No le temen a la muerte, su lema es "la libertad por encima de todo".
 They are not afraid of death; their motto is "freedom above all."
la noche se nos echó encima exprexpresión: Expresiones idiomáticas, dichos, refranes y frases hechas de tres o más palabras ("Dios nos libre", "a lo hecho, pecho"). (al anochecer)night fell suddenly v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
 La noche se nos echó encima y tuvimos que volver de la playa.
la noche se nos echó encima exprexpresión: Expresiones idiomáticas, dichos, refranes y frases hechas de tres o más palabras ("Dios nos libre", "a lo hecho, pecho"). figurado (ir con retraso)we were racing against the clock v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
  night fell suddenly v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
 Con todo el tránsito que había la noche se nos echó encima.
leer por encima (no profundamente)skim vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat."
 Si solo lees el libro por encima no te enterarás de nada.
 If you only skim the book you won't get anything out of it.
mirar por encima loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo"). (someramente)skim vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat."
  glance at, glance over vtr + prep
 Casi no estudié, sólo miré por encima mis apuntes.
mirar por encima del hombro loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo"). (con desprecio)look down at vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S]
  look down your nose at v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
 Se cree superior a todos y nos mira por encima del hombro.
 He thinks he's better than everyone and looks down at us.
por encima loc advlocución adverbial: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como adverbio ("en vilo", "de seguido", "a quemarropa"). (superficialmente)superficially advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
 No he hecho limpieza en profundidad, solo por encima.
 I haven't cleaned it properly, just superficially.
por encima de loc advlocución adverbial: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como adverbio ("en vilo", "de seguido", "a quemarropa"). (más allá de)beyond preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
 Nuestro amor está por encima de lo imaginable.
 Our love is beyond the imaginable.
por encima de todo loc advlocución adverbial: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como adverbio ("en vilo", "de seguido", "a quemarropa"). (principalmente)first and foremost advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  above anything else advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  mainly advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
 Mi trabajo es, por encima de todo, asegurarme de que las personas estén cómodas.
quitar de encima loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo"). (remover, apartar)shake off, get off v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
 El policía que socorrió a la víctima le quitó de encima al agresor.
 The police officer who helped the victim shook off the aggressor.
quitar de encima loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo"). coloquial (librar de una molestia)get rid of v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
  see the back of [sb], see the back of the [sth] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
 Su padre pagó sus deudas para quitarle de encima a los acreedores.
 His father paid off his debts to get rid of the creditors.
 His father paid off his debts to see the back of the creditors.
quitar un peso de encima loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo"). figurado (liberar de una carga) (relieve)lift a weight off, take a load off v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
  disencumber vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat."
 María le quitó un peso de encima a su esposo yendo a buscar a los niños al colegio.
 Maria lifted a weight off of her husband by going to look for the children at school.
 Maria disencumbered her husband by going to look for the children at school.
quitarse un peso de encima loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo"). figurado (liberarse de una carga) (figurative)take a load off one's mind v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
  (literal)take a bit off the top v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
 Marcos se quitó un peso de encima al no ser electo presidente de su clase.
 Not being elected president of his class took a load off Marcos' mind.
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. I told the barber to take a little off the top.
venirse encima de loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo"). (caer sobre)come down on v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
  bear down on v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. Final exams are coming down on us; we need to study.
ver por encima,
echar un ojo
loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo").
(mirar superficialmente)give a cursory glance, give a quick look v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
  look at briefly, look at superficially v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
  (literally)see over vtr phrasal insepphrasal verb, transitive, inseparable: Verb with adverb(s) or preposition(s), having special meaning, not divisible--for example,"go with" [=combine nicely]: "Those red shoes don't go with my dress." NOT [S]"Those red shoes don't go my dress with."[/S]
 El médico solo vio al paciente por encima.
 The doctor only gave the patient a quick look.
 This sentence is not a translation of the original sentence. From her father's shoulders she could see over the crowd.
vistazo por encima nm + loc adv (mirada rápida)a quick look nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
  a once over nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
 No he leído el informe, solo le he echado un vistazo por encima.
vivir por encima de las posibilidades,
vivir por encima de sus posibilidades
loc verblocución verbal: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como verbo ("sacar fuerzas de flaqueza", "acusar recibo").
(endeudarse) (figurative: debt)live beyond your means v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
 Juan vive por encima de sus posibilidades: gasta más de lo que gana.
 Juan lives beyond his means: he spends more than he earns.
y encima conj + adv (por si fuera poco)and on top of that exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
y encima conj + adv (sin embargo)even so conjconjunction: Connects words, clauses, and sentences--for example, "and," "but," "because," "in order that."
y encima conj + adv (para colmo de males)to top it all off exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  to make matters worse exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
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'encima' aparece también en las siguientes entradas:
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