WordReference English-Spanish Dictionary © 2014:

Principal Translations
against prep (contacting)contra prep
 Lean the ladder against the wall when you're not using it.
 Coloca la escalera contra la pared cuando no la estés usando.
against prep (opposed to)en contra de loc adv
 Many Americans are against the war.
 Muchos estadounidenses están en contra de la guerra.
 
Additional Translations
against prep (sports, games)contra prep
 My team is playing against the national champions.
 Mi equipo juega contra los campeones nacionales.
against prep (detriment)en contra loc adv
 Mark's errors counted against him in the final scoring.
 Los errores de Marc contaron en su contra en el resultado final.
against prep (contrast)contra prep
 en contraste con loc prep
 The buildings looked small against the mountains behind them.
 Los edificios se veían pequeños contra las montañas detrás de ellos.
 Los edificios se veían pequeños en contraste con las montañas.
against prep (compensation)por prep
 I have been awarded six thousand pounds against the loss I suffered.
 Me otorgaron seis mil libras por las perdidas sufridas.
against prep (defence)de prep
 The army exists to protect against invasion.
 El ejercito existe para protegernos de una invasión.
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WordReference English-Spanish Dictionary © 2014:

Compound Forms:
advise against vtr (warn [sb] not to)aconsejar (que no)
 Te aconsejo que no hagas eso, el jefe te mataría.
 desaconsejar vtr
 Yo desaconsejé tal proceder, pero nadie me hizo caso.
advise [sb] against doing [sth] v (warn [sb] against an action)desaconsejar vtr
 I'd advise you against sailing today; the weather is turning nasty.
 Te desaconsejaría navegar hoy; el tiempo está empeorando.
against all odds adv (highly improbably)contra toda probabilidad loc adv
 Julie fell out of the moving train. She survived against all odds.
against expectations adv (surprisingly)en contra de lo que esperaba loc adv
 En contra de lo que se esperaba, la película fue un rotundo fracaso.
against his will adv (in opposition to his wishes)contra su voluntad loc adv
 Abby was taken to the cabin in the woods against her will.
 Llevaron a Abby a la cabaña en el bosque contra su voluntad.
 en contra de su voluntad loc adv
 Llevaron a Abby a la cabaña en el bosque en contra de su voluntad.
against the clock adv (under pressure of time)contra reloj loc adv
 It's seems as though I am always working against the clock! These deadlines are ridiculous.
against the flow adv (opposite the current)contra la corriente
 She set her kayak against the flow and began to paddle upstream.
 Por más que intentaba nadar contra la corriente, no avanzaba nada.
against the grain adv (against convention)a contrapelo loc adv
 It just goes against the grain to waste so much food when there are so many hungry people.
 a contracorriente loc adv
against the grain adv (against character)contra (tu) naturaleza loc adv
 Your acting dishonestly certainly goes against the grain.
 contra la tendencia natural loc adv
 Tu actuación deshonesta va contra tu tendencia natural.
against the law adj (illegal)ilegal adj
 Smoking marijuana is against the law.
 Fumar marihuana es ilegal.
 (ir) contra la ley vi+loc adj
 Fumar marihuana va contra la ley.
against the law adv (illegally)ilegalmente adv
 He was driving against the law as he had just guzzled down seven pints of beer.
 Formó parte de un grupo clandestino parapolicial que actuó ilegalmente durante la dictadura.
against time adj (under pressure of time)contrarreloj adj inv
 Residents are in a race against time as flood waters begin to crest along the river.
 Los residentes están en una carrera contrarreloj mientras el nivel de agua del río sigue creciendo.
 contra el tiempo loc adj
be against vtr (not agree with, oppose)estar en contra vi
 The majority of the public is against the bankers' enormous bonuses.
 La mayoría de los concurrentes estuvieron en contra de semejante intervención.
be insured against all liability vi (have financial protection against 3rd-party claims)seguro a terceros nm
 El seguro de mi auto es solo a terceros.
 Argentinaestar asegurado (por responsabilidad civil) contra terceros loc verb
be matched against [sb] v (compete against [sb])verse enfrentado loc verb
 Nunca antes se había visto enfrentado con un oponente tan tenaz.
bet against vtr figurative (assume that [sth] will not succeed)dar por perdido/a loc verb
 I won't bet against him winning the marathon.
 Cuando le informaron que le tocaba jugar contra el campeón dio por perdido su partido.
bet against vtr literal (wager against)apostar (en) contra v + prep
 Oscar lost his money because he bet against the winning horse.
bid against, bid against [sb] vtr phrasal insep (make a competing offer against)mejorar la puja de alguien, pujar contra loc verb
brush up against [sb] v (come into physical contact with [sb])rozar a alguien loc verb
 I brushed up against him just as he was leaving.
 ¿Quién era es mujer tan enojada que me rozó al salir?
caution [sb] against [sth], caution [sb] against doing [sth] v expr (warn [sb] not to do [sth]) prevenir, avisarvi
come up against vtr (encounter: opposition, obstacle)vérselas con vpron+prep
 Ella tuvo que vérselas con las costumbres impuestas para poder llevar adelante los cambios que deseaba lograr.
 tropezar con vi+prep
 A pesar de que el proyecto tropezó con numerosas dificultades finalmente pudo concretarse.
compete against vtr (rival)competir contra vi+prep
 Fue un gran boxeador. Compitió contra los grandes del boxeo de su época y los venció a todos.
count against vtr (be detrimental to)pesar en contra de loc verb
 Lo declararon culpable, eran muchas las pruebas contundentes que pesaban en su contra.
 ir en detrimento de loc verb
 Las discordias constantes entre los dirigentes políticos van en detrimento de su credibilidad.
crime against humanity n (atrocity)crimen de lesa humanidad nm
 Genocide is considered a crime against humanity.
 crimen contra la humanidad nmpl
 Fueron condenados por cometer crímenes contra la humanidad.
Crimes Against Persons npl (law: violent offences)delitos contra las personas nmpl
crusade against [sth] vtr phrasal insep figurative (campaign against, oppose)hacer campaña contra, luchar contra loc verb
 She's always crusading against injustice, wherever she finds it.
 Siempre está haciendo campaña contra la injusticia, donde sea que la encuentre.
dead against prep slang (totally opposed to)a muerte contra expr
 I wanted to go to Art School, but my parents were dead against it.
 Quería ir a la Escuela de Arte, pero mis padres estaban a muerte contra mi decisión
 oponerse a muerte vpron
 Se sabía enfermo, pero siempre se opuso a muerte a las medicinas.
decide against vtr (choose not to)decidir(se a) no (hacer algo) vtr + adv
 I decided against going on holiday this year, since I had just lost my job.
 Finalmente decidimos no alquilar ese local porque no reunía las garantías de seguridad necesarias.
decide against vtr (not to opt for)decidir no vtr + adv
 I decided against flying and took a train instead.
 optar por no loc verb
demonstrate against vtr (protest publicly about)manifestarse contra vpron+prep
 Ante el Ministerio había una multitud que se manifestaba contra la salvaje subida de impuestos.
discriminate against vtr (act with prejudice against)discriminar a vtr + prep
 Policemen who discriminate against minorities should be driven out of the force.
 Los policías que discriminan a las minorías deberían ser expulsados del cuerpo.
fight back against vtr phrasal 3-part (try to combat)resistir contra loc verb
 contraatacar vtr
find against vtr (law: rule opposed to [sb]'s position)fallar en contra loc verb
 The jury found against the defendants, who were ordered to pay millions of dollars in damages.
go against vtr (not comply with)ir en contra de loc verb
 If you go against his wishes, he will make things difficult for you.
 Eso va en contra de lo que establece el reglamento.
go against vtr (be in opposition to)oponerse a vpron
 To go against the mob takes courage.
 Oponerse a la mafia es riesgoso.
 ponerse en contra loc verb
 Actuó de forma equivocada y todos se le pusieron en contra.
guard against vtr (protect from)cuidarse de vpron
 To guard against hackers, we only connect to the internet through a firewall.
 proteger vtr
Note: Ú.t.c.pron: Para protegerse de amenazas, use siempre un cortafuegos.
 Para protegerla de amenazas usamos siempre el cortafuegos.
guard against doing [sth] guardarse de hacer algo v
guard against [sth] v (take measures to prevent [sth])protegerse de vprnl
 Wear a sunhat to guard against sunburn.
 prevenir vtr
have a bias against vtr (be prejudiced against)tenerle manía a loc verb
 They have a bias against assertive women.
 Algunos les tienen manía a las mujeres inteligentes.
 famtenerle tirria (a alguien o algo), tenerle ojeriza (a alguien o algo)) fr hecha
 La profesora me tiene tirria, estudie o no me va a aplazar igual.
 estar predispuesto en contra de loc verb
 Algunas personas están predispuestos en contra de las mujeres feministas.
 México famtenerle mala fe a alguien loc verb
 Hoy lo comprobé, definitivamente mi suegra me tiene mala fe, todo lo que hago esta mal.
hit against vtr (strike, collide with)estrellarse con/contra vpron+prep
 The rock rolled down the hill until it hit against a tree.
 chocar contra vi + prep
 tropezar con vi + prep
 La roca fue rodando hasta que tropezó con un árbol.
hold a grudge against vtr (resent)guardarle rencor a vtr
 Peter holds a grudge against his co-worker, who received the promotion that Peter was hoping for.
 Pedro le guarda rencor al colega al que ascendieron en lugar de él.
 tenérsela jurada a loc verb
 Pedro se la tiene jurada al compañero que se llevó el ascenso.
hold a grudge against [sb] v expr (resent: [sb])guardar rencor loc verb
 tenérsela jurada loc prnl
 Peter holds a grudge against his co-worker, who received the promotion that Peter was hoping for.
 Peter le guarda rencor a su compañero que recibió el ascenso que Peter estaba esperando.
hold against echar en cara v
hold against recriminar v
hold it against tenérsela guardada a v
hold it against guardar rencor a v
hold it against [sb] vi (resent [sb], bear a grudge against [sb])estar resentido con vi
 She insulted him years ago, and he still holds it against her.
 reprochar vtr
 Todavía le reprocha a su padre no haberle dedicado más tiempo de niño.
 echar en cara loc verb
 Una vez hace mucho ella lo insultó, él todavía se lo echa en cara.
hold out against vtr (continue to resist)resistir vi
 The remote mountain village held out against the foreign armies.
 I'm holding out against joining Facebook.
 El pueblo remoto de la montaña resistió ante los ataques de las tropas invasoras.
 resistirse vpron
 Me resisto a sumarme a Facebook.
hold [sth] against [sb] vi (resent [sb] for [sth], bear a grudge)no perdonar (algo a alguien) vtr + adv
 He always held it against me that I voted against him for leader of the Party.
 Por su culpa perdieron la casa y eso fue algo que ella nunca le perdonaría.
hold [sth] against [sb] vi (hold a grudge)reprochar algo a alguien vtr
 I won't hold it against you if you don't want to join me.
 Si prefieres quedarte, no hay problema, no te lo voy a reprochar.
hope against hope v expr (stay optimistic)mantener la esperanza, esperar contra pronóstico, esperar aunque sea poco probable loc verb tr
 We are hoping against hope that one day he'll come home to us.
 Todavía mantenemos la esperanza de que vuelva a casa algún día.
hoping against hope adj (staying optimistic)que espera contra toda esperanza loc adj
 I'm hoping against hope that my team comes back and wins the game.
 I am hoping against hope that I passed the exam.
house divided against itself (a house divided against itself cannot stand (A. Lincoln))una casa enfrentada contra sí misma no puede permanecer en pie n
house divided against itself casa dividida contra sí misma n
kick against [sth] v (rebel against or resist [sth])oponerse a vpron
 Hace falta valentía para oponerse al orden establecido.
labor against, UK: labour against vtr phrasal US (work hard to prevent or stop) prevenir o pararluchar contra Debemos continuar nuestra lucha contra la dis
 We must continue to labor against this discrimination.
labor against [sth] USluchar contra algo vi
labour against [sth] v (work hard to prevent or stop [sth])trabajar en contra de vi
 We must continue to labour against this discrimination.
 Debemos continuar trabajando en contra de la discriminación.
 luchar contra (algo) vi
 Esos son nuestros ideales y si hiciera falta luchar contra un sistema injusto para alcanzarlos, lo haremos.
lash out against [sb] v (attack verbally, be aggressive towards)tirarse en contra de loc verb
 She bottles up her anger towards her mother and than lashes out against her husband for no reason.
 Y a pesar de que ella no había sido la responsable todos se tiraron en su contra. Se vio obligada a renunciar.
 descargarse contra alguien loc verb
 Reprime la rabia hacia su madre y luego se descarga contra su marido.
 famtirarse a la yugular loc verb
 Juana se suele tirar a la yugular cuando se enfada con alguien.
lash out at or against [sth] or [sb] (physically, verbally) físicamente, verbalmenteatacar vt
lash out at or against [sth] or [sb] (verbally) verbalmentearremeter contra algo o alguien vi
lean against vtr (put one's weight against for support)apoyarse contra vpron+prep
 He felt dizzy and had to lean against the wall for support.
 Tuvo que apoyarse contra la pared para no caer.
 apoyarse contra v pron
 Se apoyó contra la pared para no caerse.
lean against vtr (prop [sth] up on [sth])apoyar contra vtr + prep
 The thief leaned his ladder against the wall of the house.
 Apoyó la escalera contra el muro y trepó hasta la ventana.
lean against [sth] vtr phrasal (be propped against [sth])apoyarse en, apoyarse contra loc verb pron
 The board leans against the wall.
 El tablero se apoya contra el muro.
march against vtr (demonstrate, protest about)manifestarse contra vpron+prep
 The protesters went to Washington to march against increased taxes.
 Los trabajadores se manifestaron contra la nueva ley.
match against combatir a loc verb
measure against vtr (compare and contrast with)comparar con vtr+prep
 The new president's success would always be measured against his predecessor's.
 Los éxitos y fracasos del presidente siempre serán comparados con los de sus predecesores.
 valorar por contraste vtr
 Valorando su actuación por contraste con la de su antecesor, sale bien parado.
pit [sb] against [sb] v (force [sb] to compete with [sb])enfrentar vtr
 A mí siempre me enfrenta con uno más grande que sabe más, obvio que pierdo siempre.
play against vtr (have as an opponent)jugar contra vi
 Every time I play against Tom, he beats me in every game.
 Es buenísimo en este juego y me vence y siempre me toca jugar contra él.
 jugar contra vi
 ¿Qué prefieres? ¿Jugar contra el equipo de las mujeres o contra el de los niños?
 enfrentarse v pron
 Los dos boxeadores se enfrentaron en lo que sería la pelea del siglo.
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