subjonctif

Ecouter:
 /sybʒɔ̃ktif/


Inflections of 'subjonctif' (adj): f: subjonctive, mpl: subjonctifs, fpl: subjonctives
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WordReference English-French Dictionary © 2017:

Principales traductions
FrançaisAnglais
subjonctif nmnom masculin: s'utilise avec les articles "le", "l'" (devant une voyelle ou un h muet), "un". Ex : garçon - nm > On dira "le garçon" ou "un garçon". (mode verbal)subjunctive, subjunctive mood nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
 On utilise le subjonctif pour exprimer sentiments, incertitude et nécessité entre autres.
subjonctif adjadjectif: modifie un nom. Il est généralement placé après le nom et s'accorde avec le nom (ex : un ballon bleu, une balle bleue). En général, seule la forme au masculin singulier est donnée. Pour former le féminin, on ajoute "e" (ex : petit > petite) et pour former le pluriel, on ajoute "s" (ex : petit > petits). Pour les formes qui sont "irrégulières" au féminin, celles-ci sont données (ex : irrégulier, irrégulière > irrégulier = forme masculine, irrégulière = forme féminine) (relatif au mode subjonctif)subjunctive adjadjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house."
 Fassions est une conjugaison subjonctive de faire.
  Un oubli important ? Signalez une erreur ou suggérez une amélioration.

WordReference English-French Dictionary © 2017:

Formes composées
FrançaisAnglais
à condition que + [subjonctif] (seulement si)provided + [indicative], provided that + [indicative] conjconjunction: Connects words, clauses, and sentences--for example, "and," "but," "because," "in order that."
  (formal)on condition that + [indicative] conjconjunction: Connects words, clauses, and sentences--for example, "and," "but," "because," "in order that."
  as long as + [indicative] conjconjunction: Connects words, clauses, and sentences--for example, "and," "but," "because," "in order that."
 Je viendrai à condition que Paul ne soit pas là.
 I'll come provided Paul isn't there.
à condition que + [subjonctif] on condition that exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  providing (that), provided (that)
à moins que + [subjonctif] loc conjlocution conjonction: groupe de mots qui servent de conjonction. Ex : "parce que", "depuis que" (sauf si)unless conjconjunction: Connects words, clauses, and sentences--for example, "and," "but," "because," "in order that."
 Je serai là à 18 h, à moins que ma réunion s'éternise.
afin que + [subjonctif] conjconjonction: mot de liaison entre deux propositions. Ex : "et, mais, si, que" (pour que)so + [indicative], so that + [indicative] conjconjunction: Connects words, clauses, and sentences--for example, "and," "but," "because," "in order that."
  (formal)in order that + [indicative] conjconjunction: Connects words, clauses, and sentences--for example, "and," "but," "because," "in order that."
 Afin que tu comprennes bien, je vais répéter.
 I will repeat it so that you understand properly.
afin que + [subjonctif] in order that, so that conjconjunction: Connects words, clauses, and sentences--for example, "and," "but," "because," "in order that."
avoir bon espoir que + [subjonctif] loc vlocution verbale: groupe de mots fonctionnant comme un verbe. Ex : "faire référence à" (être optimiste quant à [qch])have high hopes + [indicative], have high hopes that + [indicative] v exprverbal expression: Phrase with special meaning functioning as verb--for example, "put their heads together," "come to an end."
 J'ai bon espoir que les ouvriers finissent les travaux avant l'automne.
avoir peur que + [subjonctif] loc vlocution verbale: groupe de mots fonctionnant comme un verbe. Ex : "faire référence à" (craindre que)be afraid that, fear that
 La jeune maman avait peur que son fils se fasse mal dans le bac à sable.
bien que + [subjonctif] loc conjlocution conjonction: groupe de mots qui servent de conjonction. Ex : "parce que", "depuis que" (en dépit du fait que)although, even though conjconjunction: Connects words, clauses, and sentences--for example, "and," "but," "because," "in order that."
 Bien que son four soit cassé, ce cuisinier arrive à préparer de succulents repas.
C'est dommage que + [subjonctif] expr (Il ne faudrait pas que + subjonctif)It is a pity that + [indicative], It is a pity + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  It is a shame that + [indicative], It is a shame + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  (informal)It's too bad that + [indicative], It's too bad + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
craindre que + [subjonctif] vtr + conj (redouter)be worried + [indicative], be worried that + [indicative] vi + adj
  be concerned + indicative, be concerned that + [indicative] vi + adj
  (formal)fear + [indicative], fear that + indicative vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat."
 Je crains qu'ils n'arrivent trop tard à la gare.
 I'm worried they'll get to the station too late.
de manière à ce que + [subjonctif] loc conjlocution conjonction: groupe de mots qui servent de conjonction. Ex : "parce que", "depuis que" (pour que)in such a way that, so that
 Il faut battre la mayonnaise énergiquement, de manière à ce qu'elle ne retombe pas.
de peur que + [subjonctif] loc advlocution adverbiale: groupe de mots qui servent d'adverbe. Toujours invariable ! Ex : "avec souplesse" (de crainte que)for fear of + [gerund], for fear + [indicative], out of fear that + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  fearing, fearing that v pres pverb, present participle: -ing verb used descriptively or to form progressive verb--for example, "a singing bird," "It is singing."
  (formal)lest + [should], lest + [subjunctive] conjconjunction: Connects words, clauses, and sentences--for example, "and," "but," "because," "in order that."
 De peur qu'elle n'arrive en retard à l'examen, sa mère l'a déposée une bonne heure avant.
 For fear of arriving late for the exam, her mother dropped her off a good hour early.
 Lest she be late for the exam, her mother took her there a good hour in advance.
c'est dommage que + [subjonctif] (il est regrettable de faire [qch])it is a shame + [indicative], it is a shame that + [indicative]
  it is a pity + [indicative], it is a pity that + [indicative]
  (informal)Too bad [that]
 C'est dommage que tu ne puisses pas venir à la fête de Sophie demain ! Ça va être moins sympa sans toi.
 Too bad he can't make it today.
en admettant que + [subjonctif] loc conjlocution conjonction: groupe de mots qui servent de conjonction. Ex : "parce que", "depuis que" (dans le cas où)supposing loc conj
 Supposing I leave at 3 pm, I should be home by 6, right?
être heureux que + [subjonctif] loc vlocution verbale: groupe de mots fonctionnant comme un verbe. Ex : "faire référence à" (se réjouir de [qch])be happy + [indicative], be happy that + [indicative] vi + adj
  be pleased + [indicative], be pleased that + [indicative] vi + adj
  be glad + [indicative], be glad that + [indicative] vi + adj
 Tu es heureux qu'elle puisse intégrer l'école de son choix.
il est grand temps que + [subjonctif] loc vlocution verbale: groupe de mots fonctionnant comme un verbe. Ex : "faire référence à" (il est urgent de faire [qch])it is high time [sb] did [sth], it is high time that [sb] did [sth] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
 Il est grand temps que vous partiez si vous voulez arriver à l'heure.
 It is high time you left if you want to get there on time.
il est important que + [subjonctif] expr (Ne pas oublier que)it is important + [indicative], it is important that + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  (formal)it is important + [subjunctive], it is important that + [subjunctive] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
il est indispensable que + [subjonctif] expr (Il faut que)it is essential + [indicative], it is essential that + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  it is vital + [indicative], it is vital that + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  (formal)it is essential + [subjunctive], it is essential that + [subjunctive] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  (formal)it is vital + [subjunctive], it is vital that + [subjunctive] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
il est nécessaire que + [subjonctif] expr (utilité de faire qqch)it is necessary that + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  (formal)it is necessary that + [subjunctive] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
il est normal que + [subjonctif] expr (la logique est suivie)it is natural that + [indicative], it is normal that + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  it is natural for [sb] to do [sth], it is normal for [sb] to do [sth] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
il est peu probable que + [subjonctif] it is unlikely + [indicative], it is unlikely that + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  it is not likely that + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
il est possible que + [subjonctif] expr (ce qui peut se faire)it is possible + [indicative], it is possible that + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  it may be that + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
il est rare que + [subjonctif] it is rare + [indicative], it is rare that + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  it is rare for [sb] to do [sth] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
il est regrettable que + [subjonctif] expr (il est dommageable que) (formal)it is regrettable that + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  it is unfortunate that + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
il est temps que + [subjonctif] loc vlocution verbale: groupe de mots fonctionnant comme un verbe. Ex : "faire référence à" (le moment est venu de faire [qch])it is time + [preterite], it is time that + [preterite] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  it is time for [sb] to do [sth] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
 Mon fils, il est temps que tu te prennes en main.
il fallait que + [subjonctif] it was necessary to, it had to, one had to
  (passive)should have been, was needed
il faudra que + [subjonctif] it will be necessary to, one will have to
  (passive)will need to be
il faudrait que + [subjonctif] expr (ce serait bien que)it should, one should, one would need to, it would be necessary to
  (passive)should be
il faut que + [subjonctif] expr (il est impératif que) (formal)it is necessary to + [infinitive] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  you need to + [infinitive], you have to + [infinitive] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  have got to + [infinitive] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
 Il faut que tu sortes à 15 heures pour aller au judo.
il importe que + [subjonctif] it is important that
il me tarde que + [subjonctif] expr (j'ai hâte que)I can't wait for, I can't wait until
il ne se passe pas un jour sans que + [subjonctif] expr (c'est quotidien)not a day goes by without + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
 This stretch of road is really dangerous. Not a day goes by without an accident occurring.
il se peut que + [subjonctif] expr (il est possible que)it is possible that
il se pourrait bien que + [subjonctif] expr (il est possible que)it may well be that + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  it is entirely possible that + [indicative]
il se pourrait que + [subjonctif] expr (il est possible que)it may be that, it could be that
il semble que + [subjonctif] expr (apparemment)it seems that, it appears that
il semblerait que + [subjonctif] expr (apparemment)it would seem that
il suffit que + [subjonctif] (n'avoir qu’à + infinitif)all you have to do is + [infinitive] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  (formal)it is enough to + [infinitive], it is sufficient to + [infinitive] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
 Il suffit que tu visses ces deux bouts pour que cela tienne.
il vaudrait mieux que + [subjonctif] expr (il serait plus judicieux que)it would be better if
il vaut mieux que + [subjonctif] expr (c'est préférable de)it is better to + [infinitive], it would be better to + [infinitive] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  (formal)it is better that + [subjunctive or indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
 Il vaut mieux que je sois en avance.
imparfait du subjonctif nmnom masculin: s'utilise avec les articles "le", "l'" (devant une voyelle ou un h muet), "un". Ex : garçon - nm > On dira "le garçon" ou "un garçon". (conjugaison : temps)imperfect subjunctive nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
je suis d'avis que + [subjonctif] I think + [should] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  (formal)I am of the opinion that +[should] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
 Je suis d'avis qu'on fasse demi-tour maintenant et qu'on rentre au camp avant la nuit.
 I think we should turn back now, so that we get back to camp before nightfall.
 I am of the opinion that we should turn back now in order to regain our camp before nightfall.
jusqu'à ce que + [subjonctif] until
juste avant que + (ne) + [subjonctif] loc prép (peu de temps avant de faire [qch])just before + [indicative] preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
  right before + [indicative] preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
 Ma voisine est passée me voir juste avant que je ne parte.
 My neighbour came to see me just before I left.
le fait que + [subjonctif] nmnom masculin: s'utilise avec les articles "le", "l'" (devant une voyelle ou un h muet), "un". Ex : garçon - nm > On dira "le garçon" ou "un garçon". (parce que)the fact that + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
 Le fait que vous n'ayez pas répondu à la convocation ne plaide pas en votre faveur.
pour que + [subjonctif] loc conjlocution conjonction: groupe de mots qui servent de conjonction. Ex : "parce que", "depuis que" (afin que)to + [infinitive], in order to + [infinitive] preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
  in order that + [indicative], so that + indicative], so as to + [infinitive] conjconjunction: Connects words, clauses, and sentences--for example, "and," "but," "because," "in order that."
  for + [indicative] preppreposition: Relates noun or pronoun to another element of sentence--for example, "a picture of John," "She walked from my house to yours."
 Il faut bien appuyer pour que la colle fasse effet.
pourvu que + [subjonctif] loc conjlocution conjonction: groupe de mots qui servent de conjonction. Ex : "parce que", "depuis que" (du moment que)provided, provided that conjconjunction: Connects words, clauses, and sentences--for example, "and," "but," "because," "in order that."
  as long as, so long as conjconjunction: Connects words, clauses, and sentences--for example, "and," "but," "because," "in order that."
 Nous pourrons aller pique-niquer pourvu qu'il ne pleuve pas.
 We will be able to go on a picnic provided that it doesn't rain.
pourvu que + [subjonctif] loc conjlocution conjonction: groupe de mots qui servent de conjonction. Ex : "parce que", "depuis que" (indique le souhait)let's hope, let's hope that exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
 Pourvu qu'il ne pleuve pas !
 Let's hope it doesn't rain!
présent du subjonctif nmnom masculin: s'utilise avec les articles "le", "l'" (devant une voyelle ou un h muet), "un". Ex : garçon - nm > On dira "le garçon" ou "un garçon". (conjugaison : temps de l'irréel)present subjunctive nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
prier pour que + [subjonctif] loc vlocution verbale: groupe de mots fonctionnant comme un verbe. Ex : "faire référence à" (espérer que)pray + [indicative], pray that + [indicative] vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat."
 J'ai prié pour que mon père ne nous voie pas en train de fumer.
quoique + [subjonctif] conjconjonction: mot de liaison entre deux propositions. Ex : "et, mais, si, que" (bien que)although + [indicative] conjconjunction: Connects words, clauses, and sentences--for example, "and," "but," "because," "in order that."
  even if + [indicative], even though + [indicative] conjconjunction: Connects words, clauses, and sentences--for example, "and," "but," "because," "in order that."
 Quoique nous soyons en automne, il fait très chaud.
 Although it is autumn, it's very warm.
quoique + [subjonctif] conjconjonction: mot de liaison entre deux propositions. Ex : "et, mais, si, que" (indique une réserve)whatever + [indicative] conjconjunction: Connects words, clauses, and sentences--for example, "and," "but," "because," "in order that."
  however conjconjunction: Connects words, clauses, and sentences--for example, "and," "but," "because," "in order that."
 Quoique vous en pensiez, il se trompe souvent.
 Whatever you think, he often makes mistakes.
si ... que,
relace: si ... que + [subjonctif]
loc conjlocution conjonction: groupe de mots qui servent de conjonction. Ex : "parce que", "depuis que"
(aussi ... que)however + [indicative] advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
  no matter how + [indicative] advadverb: Describes a verb, adjective, adverb, or clause--for example, "come quickly," "very rare," "happening now," "fall down."
 Si belle que tu sois, je ne vois qu'elle.
 However beautiful you are, I can see only her.
sous condition que + [subjonctif] loc conjlocution conjonction: groupe de mots qui servent de conjonction. Ex : "parce que", "depuis que" (seulement si)on the condition that + [indicative], on condition that + [indicative] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  (formal)on condition that + [subjunctive] exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  as long as exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
 Les visiteurs pourront se déplacer dans l'usine sous condition qu'un chef de service les accompagne.
subjonctif imparfait nmnom masculin: s'utilise avec les articles "le", "l'" (devant une voyelle ou un h muet), "un". Ex : garçon - nm > On dira "le garçon" ou "un garçon". (Grammaire : temps d'hypothèses)imperfect subjunctive nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
Note: Temps littéraire qui n'existe quasiment plus à l'oral.
subjonctif plus-que-parfait nmnom masculin: s'utilise avec les articles "le", "l'" (devant une voyelle ou un h muet), "un". Ex : garçon - nm > On dira "le garçon" ou "un garçon". (temps et mode verbal)pluperfect subjunctive nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
 Le subjonctif plus-que-parfait est littéraire et couramment remplacé par le subjonctif passé.
subjonctif présent nmnom masculin: s'utilise avec les articles "le", "l'" (devant une voyelle ou un h muet), "un". Ex : garçon - nm > On dira "le garçon" ou "un garçon". (Grammaire : temps des hypothèses)present subjunctive nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
vivement que + [subjonctif] I'll be glad when, it'll be good when exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  roll on the day exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
  I can't wait until, I can't wait for, I can't wait for the day exprexpression: Prepositional phrase, adverbial phrase, or other phrase or expression--for example, "behind the times," "on your own."
 I'll be glad when he's gone.
 Roll on the day he leaves!
  Un oubli important ? Signalez une erreur ou suggérez une amélioration.
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