WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
bet•o•ny  (betn ē),USA pronunciation n., pl.  -nies. 
  1. Plant Biologya plant, Stachys (formerly Betonica) officinalis, of the mint family, having hairy leaves and dense spikes of purple flowers, formerly used in medicine and dyeing.
  2. Plant Biologyany of various similar plants, esp. of the genus Pedicularis.
  • Latin)
  • Anglo-French), Old English bet(t)onice (
  • Medieval Latin betōnia, re-formation of Latin betōnica (Pliny), in earlier readings vettōnica (herba) Vettonic (herb) (Vettōn(ēs) an Iberian tribe + -ica, feminine of -icus -ic); compare Middle English beteyne, betoyne (
  • bef. 1000; late Middle English; Middle English betayny, betanie

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

betony /ˈbɛtənɪ/ n ( pl -nies)
  1. a Eurasian plant, Stachys (or Betonica) officinalis, with a spike of reddish-purple flowers, formerly used in medicine and dyeing: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
  2. any of several related plants of the genus Stachys
Etymology: 14th Century: from Old French betoine, from Latin betonica, variant of vettonica, probably named after the Vettones, an ancient Iberian tribe

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