WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
(krôst, krost),USA pronunciation adj. [Math.]WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
- Mathematics(of partial derivatives) mixed, esp. of order two.
cross /krɔs, krɑs/USA pronunciation
n., v., adj., -er, -est. n. [countable]
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
- a figure made up of two lines drawn across each other usually at right angles.
- a mark, usually anX, used as a signature or to indicate location, an error, etc.:The crosses mark the places where you must sign your name.
- a wooden structure made up of a piece standing upright and another attached across it, upon which people were formerly put to death.
- Religionthe Cross, [proper noun] the cross upon which Jesus died.
- Religiona figure of a cross, or of the Cross as a Christian emblem:rows and rows of crosses in the cemetery.
- Religiona sign made with the hand outlining the figure of a cross upon the upper part of the body, done as an act of religious devotion.
- a cause of trouble, suffering, or misfortune:He had to bear the cross of his children's attempted suicides.
- Geneticsa crossing of animals or plants, or an animal or plant produced this way;
crossbreed:The mule is a cross between a female horse and a male donkey.
- a person or thing intermediate in character between two others:The school seemed to be a cross between a train station and a cathedral: noisy and crowded one second, then quiet and serene the next.
- to move from one side to the other side of (a street, etc.): [~ + object]Cross the street at the corner.[no object]She crossed to the other side of the room.
- to assist (a person) across a street or intersection:[~ + object]The crossing guard is at the corner to cross the children in the morning.
- to cancel by marking with a cross or drawing a line through or across: [~ + off + object]I crossed off the items on the shopping list.[~ + out + object]She had crossed out my name on the list.[~ + object + off/out]to cross names off.
- to intersect;
meet: [no object]The paths of our lives crossed again.[~ + object]Highway 50 crosses highway 80 right here.
- [~ + object] to go over and beyond:We crossed the border at exactly 5:35 a.m.
- [no object] to meet and then pass:I think our two letters must have crossed in the mail.
- Geneticsto cause (members of two different species, etc.) to breed with each other: [~ + object + with + object]Mendel crossed green peas with yellow peas.[~ + object]Mendel crossed green and yellow peas to see what would result.
- [~ + object] to oppose openly;
get in the way of:She can be nice and even charming as long as you don't cross her.
- [~ + object] to place across each other, on top of each other, or crosswise: He crossed his legs.
- Religion[~ + oneself] to make the sign of the cross upon or over: He crossed himself in front of the casket.
- cross over, [no object]
- to switch loyalty or allegiance:Many Republicans have crossed over and voted Democrat.
- to change successfully from one field to another:She was able to cross over from jazz to pop music.
- cross up,
- to deceive;
double-cross: [~ + object + up]If you try to cross us up, you'll regret it.[~ + up + object]No one crosses up the Duke and lives to tell about it.
- to confuse: [~ + up + object]Our team tried to cross up the opposition by switching our plays.[~ + object + up]We nearly succeeded in crossing them up.
- angry and annoyed;
ill-humored:I felt cross because I hadn't slept well.
cross•ly, adv.: "I'm too tired to get up,'' she answered crossly.
cross•ness, n. [uncountable]
- Idiomscross one's mind, to occur to one: The idea never crossed my mind.
(krôs, kros),USA pronunciation
n., v., adj., -er, -est. n.
- a structure consisting essentially of an upright and a transverse piece, upon which persons were formerly put to death.
- any object, figure, or mark resembling a cross, as two intersecting lines.
- a mark resembling a cross, usually an X, made instead of a signature by a person unable to write.
- Religionthe Cross, the cross upon which Jesus died.
- Religiona figure of the Cross as a Christian emblem, badge, etc.
- Religionthe Cross as the symbol of Christianity.
- Religiona small cross with a human figure attached to it, as a representation of Jesus crucified;
- Religiona sign made with the right hand by tracing the figure of a cross in the air or by touching the foreheard, chest, and shoulders, as an act of devotion.
- Religiona structure or monument in the form of a cross, set up for prayer, as a memorial, etc.
- Religionany of various conventional representations or modifications of the Christian emblem used symbolically or for ornament, as in heraldry or art:a Latin cross; a Maltese cross.
- Religionthe crucifixion of Jesus as the culmination of His redemptive mission.
- Religionany suffering endured for Jesus' sake.
- Religionthe teaching of redemption gained by Jesus' death.
- Religionthe Christian religion, or those who accept it;
- an opposition;
- any misfortune;
- Geneticsa crossing of animals or plants;
a mixing of breeds.
- Geneticsan animal, plant, breed, etc., produced by crossing;
- a person or thing that is intermediate in character between two others.
- Sport[Boxing.]a punch thrown across and over the lead of an opponent.
- Slang Termsa contest the result of which is dishonestly arranged beforehand.
- a crossing.
- a place of crossing.
- [Plumbing.]a four-way joint or connection.
- Theater, Show Businessan actor's movement from one area of a stage to another.
- Stock Exchange, BusinessAlso called cross-trade. an arrangement for the simultaneous sale and purchase of a block of stock handled by a single broker.
- Mechanical Engineering[Mach.]spider (def. 6b).
- Astronomy(cap.) See Southern Cross.
- Idiomsbear one's cross, to accept trials or troubles patiently.
- Idiomstake the cross, to make the vows of a crusader.
- to move, pass, or extend from one side to the other side of (a street, river, etc.).
- to put or draw (a line, lines, etc.) across.
- to cancel by marking with a cross or with a line or lines (often fol. by off or out).
- to mark with a cross.
- to lie or pass across;
- to meet and pass.
- to transport across something.
- to assist or guide (a person) across a street or intersection:The guard crossed the child at the traffic light.
- to place in the form of a cross or crosswise.
- Genetics[Biol.]to cause (members of different genera, species, breeds, varieties, or the like) to interbreed.
- to oppose openly;
- Slang Termsto betray;
- Religionto make the sign of a cross upon or over, as in devotion:to cross oneself.
- Nautical, Naval Termsto set (a yard) in proper position on a mast.
- [Obs.]to confront in a hostile manner.
- to lie or be athwart;
- to move, pass, or extend from one side or place to another:Cross at the intersection.
- to meet and pass.
- to interbreed.
- Show Business[Theat.]to move from one side of the stage to the other, esp. by passing downstage of another actor.
- Idiomscross one's heart. See heart (def. 22).
- Idiomscross one's mind. See mind (def. 21).
- Idiomscross one's path. See path (def. 6).
- cross over:
- Genetics[Biol.](of a chromosome segment) to undergo crossing over.
- to switch allegiance, as from one political party to another.
- to change successfully from one field of endeavor, genre, etc., to another:to cross over from jazz to rock.
- Also, cross over to the other side. to die;
- Idiomscross someone's palm. See palm 1 (def. 11).
- cross up:
- to change arrangements made with;
deceive:He crossed me up after we had agreed to tell the police the same story.
- to confuse:I was supposed to meet him at the station, but got crossed up.
- angry and annoyed;
snappish:Don't be cross with me.
- lying or passing crosswise or across each other;
- involving a reciprocal action, interchange, or the like:a cross-endorsement of political candidates; cross-marketing of related services.
opposite:They were at cross purposes with each other.
- Latin crux; see crux
- British Celtic)
- Old Irish cros (
- Old Norse kross
- Middle English, late Old English cros bef. 1000
- 31, 35.See corresponding entry in Unabridged traverse, span, bridge.
- 41.See corresponding entry in Unabridged baffle, foil, contradict.
- 57.See corresponding entry in Unabridged petulant, fractious, irascible, waspish, crabbed, churlish, sulky, cantankerous, cranky, ill-tempered, impatient, irritable, fretful, touchy, testy. Cross, ill-natured, peevish, sullen refer to being in a bad mood or ill temper. Cross means temporarily in an irritable or fretful state, and somewhat angry:a cross reply.Ill-natured implies a more permanent condition, without definite cause, and means unpleasant, unkind, inclined to snarl or be spiteful:an ill-natured dog; ill-natured spite.Peevish means complaining and snappish:a peevish child.Sullen suggests a kind of glowering silent gloominess and means refusing to speak because of bad humor, anger, or a sense of injury or resentment:sullen and vindictive.
(krôs, kros),USA pronunciation n.
BiographicalWilbur Lucius, 1862–1948, U.S. educator: governor of Connecticut 1931–39.
a combining form of cross.
- 41.See corresponding entry in Unabridged aid.
- 57.See corresponding entry in Unabridged good-natured, agreeable.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
cross /krɒs/ n
- a structure or symbol consisting essentially of two intersecting lines or pieces at right angles to one another
- a wooden structure used as a means of execution, consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece to which people were nailed or tied
- a representation of the Cross used as an emblem of Christianity or as a reminder of Christ's death
- any mark or shape consisting of two intersecting lines, esp such a symbol (×) used as a signature, point of intersection, error mark, etc
- a sign representing the Cross made either by tracing a figure in the air or by touching the forehead, breast, and either shoulder in turn
- any conventional variation of the Christian symbol, used emblematically, decoratively, or heraldically, such as a Maltese, tau, or Greek cross
- a cruciform emblem awarded to indicate membership of an order or as a decoration for distinguished service
- (sometimes capital) Christianity or Christendom, esp as contrasted with non-Christian religions
- the place in a town or village where a cross has been set up
- the process of crossing; hybridization
- an individual produced as a result of this process
- a mixture of two qualities or types
- an opposition, hindrance, or misfortune; affliction (esp in the phrase bear one's cross)
- a straight punch delivered from the side, esp with the right hand
- the act or an instance of kicking or passing the ball from a wing to the middle of the field
- (sometimes followed by over) to move or go across (something); traverse or intersect
- to meet and pass
- (of each of two letters in the post) to be dispatched before receipt of the other
- (tr; usually followed by out, off, or through) to cancel with a cross or with lines; delete
- (transitive) to place or put in a form resembling a cross: to cross one's legs
- (transitive) to mark with a cross or crosses
- (transitive) Brit to draw two parallel lines across the face of (a cheque) and so make it payable only into a bank account
- (transitive) to trace the form of the Cross, usually with the thumb or index finger upon (someone or something) in token of blessing
- to make the sign of the Cross upon (oneself)
- (intransitive) (of telephone lines) to interfere with each other so that three or perhaps four callers are connected together at one time
- to cause fertilization between (plants or animals of different breeds, races, varieties, etc)
- (transitive) to oppose the wishes or plans of; thwart
- to kick or pass (the ball) from a wing to the middle of the field
- cross one's fingers ⇒ to fold one finger across another in the hope of bringing good luck
- cross one's heart ⇒ to promise or pledge, esp by making the sign of a cross over one's heart
- cross one's mind ⇒ to occur to one briefly or suddenly
- cross someone's path ⇒ to meet or thwart someone
- cross swords ⇒ to argue or fight
Etymology: Old English cros, from Old Irish cross (unattested), from Latin crux; see cruxˈcrossly adv ˈcrossness n
- angry; ill-humoured; vexed
- lying or placed across; transverse: a cross timber
- involving interchange; reciprocal
- contrary or unfavourable
- another word for crossbred
'crossed' also found in these entries: