WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
rest1 /rɛst/USA pronunciation   n. 
  1. the refreshing quiet of sleep or ease:[uncountable]He needs rest and relaxation after all that work.
  2. relief or freedom, esp. from something troublesome:[uncountable]The racket continued without rest.
  3. a period of time of sleep, ease, etc.:[countable]The children took a short rest in the afternoon.
  4. the stopping or absence of motion: [countable;  usually singular]The ball rolled and then came to a rest.[uncountable]a state of rest.
  5. Music and Dance[countable]
    • a rhythmic period of silence between tones.
    • a mark or sign indicating it.
  6. a device by which something is supported:[countable]padded rests for one's arms.

  1. to refresh oneself, as by sleeping, lying down, or being at ease: [no object]rested for a few hours on the couch.[+ object]rested his aching body in a hot tub.
  2. [no object] to be dead.
  3. to stop moving;
    stop:[no object]The ball rested just a few inches from the hole.
  4. to remain without further notice:[no object]Why don't you let the matter rest?
  5. to (cause to) lie, sit, lean, or be set: [no object]His arm rested on the table.[+ object]He rested his arm on her shoulder.
  6. to rely;
    to (cause to) be founded: [+ on/upon + object]His whole argument rests on false assumptions.[+ object + on/upon + object]rested his arguments on false assumptions.
  7. to be found;
    belong:[not: be + ~-ing;  ~ + with + object]The blame rests with them.
  8. to be fixed on something, as a gaze:[+ on/upon + object]His gaze rested on her medallion.
  9. Lawto bring to an end the introduction of evidence in a case: [no object]Your Honor, the defense rests.[+ object]Your Honor, the defense rests its case.
  1. Idiomsat rest: 
    • in a state of repose, as in sleep.
    • dead.
    • not active;
      not in motion.
    • free from worry;
  2. Idiomslay to rest: 
    • to bury (a dead body): [lay + object + to + ~]They laid him to rest.[lay + to + ~ + object]They laid to rest many brave soldiers.
    • to relieve the fear of: [lay + object + to + ~]They laid most of my fears to rest.[lay + to + ~ + object]They laid to rest most of my fears.

rest2 /rɛst/USA pronunciation   n. [the + ~]
  1. the part that remains;
    remainder:[used with a singular verb]The first part was hard, but the rest was easy.
  2. the others:[used with a plural verb]All the rest are going.

v. [not: be + ~-ing;  ~ + adjective (+ that clause)]
  1. to continue to be:Rest assured that all is well.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
rest1  (rest),USA pronunciation  n. 
  1. the refreshing quiet or repose of sleep:a good night's rest.
  2. refreshing ease or inactivity after exertion or labor:to allow an hour for rest.
  3. relief or freedom, esp. from anything that wearies, troubles, or disturbs.
  4. a period or interval of inactivity, repose, solitude, or tranquillity:to go away for a rest.
  5. mental or spiritual calm;
  6. the repose of death:eternal rest.
  7. cessation or absence of motion:to bring a machine to rest.
  8. Music and Dance
    • an interval of silence between tones.
    • a mark or sign indicating it.
  9. Poetry[Pros.]a short pause within a line;
  10. a place that provides shelter or lodging for travelers, as an inn.
  11. any stopping or resting place:a roadside rest for weary hikers.
  12. a piece or thing for something to rest on:a hand rest.
  13. a supporting device;
  14. Games[Billiards, Pool.]bridge1 (def. 14).
  15. at rest: 
    • in a state of repose, as in sleep.
    • dead.
    • quiescent;
      not in motion:the inertia of an object at rest.
    • free from worry;
      tranquil:Nothing could put his mind at rest.
  16. lay to rest: 
    • to inter (a dead body);
      bury:He was laid to rest last Thursday.
    • to allay, suppress, or appease.

  1. to refresh oneself, as by sleeping, lying down, or relaxing.
  2. to relieve weariness by cessation of exertion or labor.
  3. to be at ease;
    have tranquillity or peace.
  4. to repose in death.
  5. to be quiet or still.
  6. to cease from motion, come to rest;
  7. to become or remain inactive.
  8. to stay as is or remain without further action or notice:to let a matter rest.
  9. to lie, sit, lean, or be set:His arm rested on the table.
  10. Agricultureto lie fallow or unworked:to let land rest.
  11. to be imposed as a burden or responsibility (usually fol. by on or upon).
  12. to rely (usually fol. by on or upon).
  13. to be based or founded (usually fol. by on or upon).
  14. to be found;
    reside (often fol. by with):The blame rests with them.
  15. to be present;
    linger (usually fol. by on or upon):A sunbeam rests upon the altar.
  16. to be fixed or directed on something, as the eyes, a gaze, etc.
  17. Lawto terminate voluntarily the introduction of evidence in a case.

  1. to give rest to;
    refresh with rest:to rest oneself.
  2. to lay or place for rest, ease, or support:to rest one's back against a tree.
  3. to direct (as the eyes):to rest one's eyes on someone.
  4. to base, or let depend, as on some ground of reliance.
  5. to bring to rest;
  6. Lawto terminate voluntarily the introduction of evidence on:to rest one's case.
rester, n. 
  • bef. 900; (noun, nominal) Middle English, Old English; akin to German Rast; (verb, verbal) Middle English resten, Old English restan; akin to German rasten
    • 7.See corresponding entry in Unabridged stop, halt, standstill.

rest2  (rest),USA pronunciation  n. 
  1. the part that is left or remains;
    remainder:The rest of the students are in the corridor.
  2. the others:All the rest are going.
  3. British Terms, Businesssurplus (defs. 1, 2).

  1. to continue to be;
    remain as specified:Rest assured that all is well.
  • Middle French reste, noun, nominal derivative of rester
  • Latin restāre to remain standing, equivalent. to re- re- + stāre to stand; (noun, nominal) late Middle English
  • Middle French rester to remain
  • (verb, verbal) late Middle English resten to remain due or unpaid 1375–1425

rest3  (rest),USA pronunciation n. [Armor.]
  • a support for a lance;
    lance rest.
    • aphetic variant of arrest 1490–1500

    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    rest /rɛst/ n
    1. relaxation from exertion or labour
    2. (as modifier): a rest period
    3. repose; sleep
    4. any relief or refreshment, as from worry or something troublesome
    5. calm; tranquillity
    6. death regarded as repose: eternal rest
    7. cessation from motion
    8. at restnot moving; still
    9. calm; tranquil
    10. dead
    11. asleep
    12. a pause or interval
    13. a mark in a musical score indicating a pause of specific duration
    14. a pause in or at the end of a line; caesura
    15. a shelter or lodging: a seaman's rest
    16. a thing or place on which to put something for support or to steady it; prop
    17. any of various special poles used as supports for the cue in shots that cannot be made using the hand as a support
    18. come to restto slow down and stop
    19. lay to restto bury (a dead person)
    20. set someone's mind at restto reassure someone or settle someone's mind
    1. to take or give rest, as by sleeping, lying down, etc
    2. to place or position (oneself, etc) for rest or relaxation
    3. (transitive) to place or position for support or steadying: to rest one's elbows on the table
    4. (intransitive) to be at ease; be calm
    5. to cease or cause to cease from motion or exertion; halt
    6. (intransitive) to remain without further attention or action: let the matter rest
    7. to direct (one's eyes) or (of one's eyes) to be directed: her eyes rested on the sleeping child
    8. to depend or cause to depend; base; rely: the whole argument rests on one crucial fact
    9. to put pastry in a cool place to allow the gluten to contract
    10. (intr; followed by with, on, upon, etc) to be a responsibility (of): it rests with us to apportion blame
    11. to finish the introduction of evidence in (a case)
    12. rest on one's oarsto stop doing anything for a time
    Etymology: Old English ræst, reste, of Germanic origin; related to Gothic rasta a mile, Old Norse röst mile

    ˈrester n
    rest /rɛst/ n the rest
    1. something left or remaining; remainder
    2. the others: the rest of the world
    1. (copula) to continue to be (as specified); remain: rest assured
    Etymology: 15th Century: from Old French rester to remain, from Latin rēstāre, from re- + stāre to stand

    'rest' also found in these entries:
    Collocations: resting [in bed, on the sofa], a [quick, short, brief, long, lengthy] rest, rest and [relax, sleep recuperate, recover], more...

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