shrink

Listen:
 [ˈʃrɪŋk]


For the verb: "to shrink"

Simple Past: shrank, shrunk
Past Participle: shrunk, shrunk

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
shrink /ʃrɪŋk/USA pronunciation   v.,  shrank /ʃræŋk/USA pronunciation  or, often, shrunk /ʃrʌŋk/USA pronunciation  ; shrunk or shrunk•en /ˈʃrʌŋkən/USA pronunciation  ;
shrink•ing, n. 

v. 
  1. to (cause to) contract or lessen in size: [no object]clothes that shrink if washed in hot water.[+ object]Hot water will shrink some of those clothes.
  2. to (cause to) become reduced in extent, amount, or value: [no object]The bank's resources are shrinking.[+ object]Inflation and taxation are shrinking our resources.
  3. to draw back;
    move back suddenly, as in horror:[no object;  (~ + back)]to shrink from danger; She shrank back in her seat as the horror movie got even nastier.

n. [countable]
  1. Slang Termsa psychotherapist, psychiatrist, or psychoanalyst.
shrink•a•ble, adj. 

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
shrink  (shringk),USA pronunciation v.,  shrank  or, often, shrunk;
shrunk
  or shrunk•en;
shrink•ing;
 n. 

v.i. 
  1. to draw back, as in retreat or avoidance:to shrink from danger; to shrink from contact.
  2. to contract or lessen in size, as from exposure to conditions of temperature or moisture:This cloth will not shrink if washed in lukewarm water.
  3. to become reduced in extent or compass.

v.t. 
  1. to cause to shrink or contract;
    reduce.
  2. Textilesto cause (a fabric) to contract during finishing, thus preventing shrinkage, during laundering, of the garments made from it.

n. 
  1. an act or instance of shrinking.
  2. a shrinking movement.
  3. shrinkage.
  4. Slang TermsAlso,  shrinker. Also called  head shrinker. a psychotherapist, psychiatrist, or psychoanalyst.
shrinka•ble, adj. 
shrinking•ly, adv. 
  • bef. 900; 1955–60 for def. 9; Middle English schrinken, Old English scrincan; cognate with Middle Dutch schrinken, Swedish skrynka to shrink, Norwegian skrukka old shrunken woman
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged withdraw, recoil, quail. See  wince. 
    • 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged See  decrease. 
    • 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged increase.


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

shrink /ʃrɪŋk/ vb (shrinks, shrinking, shrank, shrunk, shrunk, shrunken)
  1. to contract or cause to contract as from wetness, heat, cold, etc
  2. to become or cause to become smaller in size
  3. (intransitive) often followed by from: to recoil or withdraw: to shrink from the sight of blood
  4. to feel great reluctance (at)
n
  1. the act or an instance of shrinking
  2. slang a psychiatrist
Etymology: Old English scrincan; related to Old Norse skrokkr torso, Old Swedish skrunkin wrinkled, Old Norse hrukka a crease, Icelandic skrukka wrinkled woman

ˈshrinkable adj ˈshrinker n ˈshrinking adj



'shrink' also found in these entries:
Advertisements

Word of the day: fear | spoil

Advertisements

Report an inappropriate ad.