WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
surge /sɜrdʒ/USA pronunciation
n., v., surged, surg•ing. n. [countable]
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
v. [no object]
- a strong, forward movement like a wave:the surge of the crowd toward the stadium.
- a sudden, strong rush or burst:a surge of energy.
- Electricitya sudden rush or burst of electric current or voltage:Protect your computer against electrical surges.
- Oceanographyto rise, roll, move, or swell forward in or like waves:Floodwater surged through the town.
- to rise as if by a heaving or swelling force, as of strong feeling:She could feel anger surging through her body.
- Electricity(esp. of electric current or voltage) to increase suddenly.
n., v., surged, surg•ing. n.
- a strong, wavelike, forward movement, rush, or sweep:the onward surge of an angry mob.
- a strong, swelling, wavelike volume or body of something:a billowing surge of smoke.
- Oceanographythe rolling swell of the sea.
- Oceanographythe swelling and rolling sea:The surge crashed against the rocky coast.
- Oceanographya swelling wave;
- a widespread change in atmospheric pressure that is in addition to cyclonic and normal diurnal changes.
- See storm surge.
- a sudden rush or burst of current or voltage.
- a violent oscillatory disturbance.
- Nautical, Naval Termsa slackening or slipping back, as of a rope or cable.
- Mechanical Engineeringan uneven flow and strong momentum given to a fluid, as water in a tank, resulting in a rapid, temporary rise in pressure.
- Mechanical Engineeringpulsating unevenness of motion in an engine or gas turbine.
- Nautical, Naval Terms(of a ship) to rise and fall, toss about, or move along on the waves:to surge at anchor.
- Oceanographyto rise, roll, move, or swell forward in or like waves:The sea surged against the shore. The crowd surged back and forth.
- to rise as if by a heaving or swelling force:Blood surged to his face.
- to increase suddenly, as current or voltage.
- to oscillate violently.
- Naval Terms[Naut.]
- , Nautical, Naval Termsto slack off or loosen a rope or cable around a capstan or windlass.
- , Nautical, Naval Termsto slip back, as a rope.
- Mechanical Engineering[Mach.]to move with pulsating unevenness, as something driven by an engine or gas turbine.
- Oceanographyto cause to surge or roll in or as in waves.
- Nautical, Naval Termsto slacken (a rope).
- Latin surgere to spring up, arise, stand up
- perh. 1480–90
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
surge /sɜːdʒ/ n
- a strong rush or sweep; sudden increase: a surge of anger
- the rolling swell of the sea, esp after the passage of a large wave
- a heavy rolling motion or sound: the surge of the trumpets
- an undulating rolling surface, as of hills
- a billowing cloud or volume
- a temporary release or slackening of a rope or cable
- a large momentary increase in the voltage or current in an electric circuit
- an upward instability or unevenness in the power output of an engine
Etymology: 15th Century: from Latin surgere to rise, from sub- up + regere to leadˈsurger n
- (intransitive) (of waves, the sea, etc) to rise or roll with a heavy swelling motion
- (intransitive) to move like a heavy sea
- to slacken or temporarily release (a rope or cable) from a capstan or (of a rope, etc) to be slackened or released and slip back
- (intransitive) (of an electric current or voltage) to undergo a large momentary increase
- (transitive) rare to cause to move in or as if in a wave or waves
'surge' also found in these entries: